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Alcohol Policy Classification System

The Alcohol Policy Classification System (APCS) provides an inventory and taxonomy of alcohol policies. It is organized into:

  • Policy areas under nine broad categories, and
  • Cross-cutting dimensions, including: Demographic Groups; Beverage Types; Penalties, Liabilities, and Incentives; Special Jurisdictions; and Other Dimensions.

The APCS historically served as the starting point for the selection of policies included on APIS, and APIS strives to include policies that cover the full range of APCS categories.

Researchers, especially those new to the alcohol policy field, can examine the APCS to gain an appreciation of the nature and scope of alcohol policies and the specific issues these policies address.

Major categories and subcategories of the APCS are listed immediately below.

ALCOHOL POLICY AREAS (Categories 1-9)


1.         ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE CONTROL

 1.1              Manufacturing and Distribution

1.1.1             Manufacturing

1.1.2             Packaging and labeling

1.1.3             Structure of distribution system

1.1.4             Distribution prior to retail sale

1.1.5             Other ABC issues prior to retail sale

1.2              Retail Sale Outlets

1.2.1             Retail outlets for on-premises consumption

1.2.2             Retail outlets for off-premises consumption

1.2.3             Local option

1.2.4             Density and proximity of retail outlets

1.2.5             Conditions of premises

1.2.6             Other retail outlet issues

1.3              Retail Sale Transactions

1.3.1             When/how retail transactions may occur

1.3.2             Purchasers of alcoholic beverages

1.3.3             Monitoring sales transactions

1.3.4             Other retail transactions issues

1.4              Other alcoholic beverage control issues

1.4.1             Other alcoholic beverage control issues

2.         TAXATION AND PRICING

 2.1              Taxation

2.1.1             Taxes applied specifically to alcoholic beverages

2.1.2             Taxes and fees applied to alcoholic beverage businesses

2.1.3             Other taxation issues

2.2              Pricing

2.2.1             Pricing—direct State control

2.2.2             Discounts, coupons, rebates, and specials

2.2.3             Other pricing issues

3.         ADVERTISING, MARKETING, AND MASS MEDIA

3.1.1             Advertising content

3.1.2             Broadcast, print, billboard, and online advertising

3.1.3             Marketing and promotions

3.1.4             Other advertising, marketing, and mass media issues

4.         TRANSPORTATION, CRIME, AND PUBLIC SAFETY

 4.1              Transportation and Vehicle Operation

4.1.1             Noncommercial cars, trucks, and motorcycles

4.1.2             Other noncommercial vehicles

4.1.3             Commercial cars and trucks (excluding common carriers)

4.1.4             Common carriers

4.1.5             Other commercial vehicles

4.1.6             Other alcohol and transportation issues

4.2              Violence and General Crime

4.2.1             Crimes against persons

4.2.2             Property crimes and other nonviolent crimes

4.3              Alcohol-Specific Offenses

4.3.1             Public inebriation and public consumption of alcohol (excluding underage offenses)

4.3.2             Unlawful purchase, possession, or consumption of alcoholic beverages

4.3.3             Noncommercial provision of alcoholic beverages

4.3.4             Other alcohol-specific offenses

4.4              Other Public Safety Issues

4.4.1             Other public safety issues not specified above

5.         Health CARE services and financing

 5.1              Facilities, Services, and Programs

5.1.1             Hospitals and hospital-based services and programs

5.1.2             Residential facilities, services, and programs

5.1.3             Outpatient treatment facilities, services, and programs

5.1.4             Other health care and related facilities, services, and programs

5.2              Providers

5.2.1             Physicians

5.2.2             Licensed mental health and human services providers

5.2.3             Certified alcohol and drug treatment providers

5.2.4             Other nonphysician health care providers and staff

5.3              Financing and Insurance

5.3.1             Medicare

5.3.2             Medicaid

5.3.3             Other public health care financing programs

5.3.4             Health insurance coverage and mandates

5.3.5             Denial of health insurance coverage

5.3.6             Private health insurance and other health care financing issues

5.4              Other Issues Related to Health Care

5.4.1             Health care service delivery system organization and administration

5.4.2             Medical and other health-related records

5.4.3             Screening, assessment, and diagnosis

5.4.4             Coerced treatment for alcohol and drug use disorders

5.4.5             Related health conditions not elsewhere included

5.4.6             Other issues related to health care

6.         Education

6.1.1             Primary and secondary schools

6.1.2             Colleges and universities

6.1.3             Public information and education

6.1.4             Other education issues

7.         Public SERVICES, functions, and programs (not elsewhere categorized)

7.1.1             Public housing

7.1.2             Child protection

7.1.3             Welfare, public assistance, and income maintenance

7.1.4             Unemployment and worker's disability compensation

7.1.5             Corrections

7.1.6             Public lands and facilities

7.1.7             Other public services, functions, and programs

8.         EMPLOYMENT AND WORKPLACE

8.1.1             Alcohol in the workplace

8.1.2             Employee Assistance Programs (EAP)

8.1.3             Profession and occupation specific alcohol issues

8.1.4             Other employment and workplace issues

9.         Other ALCOHOL POLICY AREAS (not otherwise categorized)

9.1.1             Alcohol and pregnancy

9.1.2             Death certificates and coroner's reports

9.1.3             Other policy areas


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CROSS-CUTTING DIMENSIONS (Categories 10-14)

10.     Demographic Groups

10.1.1         Children and youth

10.1.2         Elderly persons

10.1.3         Racial/ethnic minorities

10.1.4         People with physical/cognitive disabilities

10.1.5         Prisoners

10.1.6         Military personnel and veterans

10.1.7         Homeless people

10.1.8         Other demographic groups

11.     BEVERAGE TYPES

11.1.1         Beer and malt beverages

11.1.2         Distilled spirits

11.1.3         Wine

11.1.4         Other beverages

12.     PENALTIES, LIABILITIES, AND INCENTIVES

12.1.1         Incarceration

12.1.2         Other confinement and restriction

12.1.3         Mandatory education

12.1.4         Mandatory treatment

12.1.5         Mandatory community service

12.1.6         Fines

12.1.7         Forfeiture

12.1.8         License restrictions, suspension, and revocation

12.1.9         Mandatory equipment

12.1.10     Criminal liability

12.1.11     Civil liability

12.1.12     Financial incentives

12.1.13     Nonfinancial incentives

12.1.14     Other penalty, liability, or incentive types

13.     SPECIAL JURISDICTIONS

13.1.1         Military installations

13.1.2         Indian lands and tribal authority

13.1.3         Specified localities

13.1.4         Other special jurisdictions

14.     OTHER Dimensions

14.1.1         Discrimination and nondiscrimination

14.1.2         Licensing and accreditation

14.1.3         Charitable and faith-based organizations, programs, and activities

14.1.4         Testing and screening

14.1.5         Public sector

 

 
 

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