Pregnancy and Alcohol

Legal Significance for Child Abuse/Child Neglect

Laws that clarify the admissibility of evidence in child welfare proceedings regarding prenatal alcohol exposure as it pertains to allegations of child abuse, child neglect, child deprivation, or child dependence, or proceedings seeking termination of parental rights.

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Jurisdiction Policies as of Provisions Pertaining to
Child Abuse/Child Neglect
Citations
AL (Alabama)
1/1/2017Yes1 Citations
AK (Alaska)
1/1/2017 No Law
AZ (Arizona)
1/1/2017Yes4 Citations
AR (Arkansas)
1/1/2017 No Law
CA (California)

California allows for a positive toxicology test at the time of the delivery of a child. The positive toxicology "is not in and of itself a sufficient basis for reporting child abuse or neglect." The test may, however, be used for an assessment of services for the child. Cal. Penal Code § 11165.13.

1/1/2017 No Law
1 Citations
CO (Colorado)

Although Colorado's definition of child abuse and neglect does not include prenatal alcohol exposure, as of July 1, 2004, a child may be taken into temporary custody by a law enforcement officer without order of the court, "when a newborn child is identified by a physician, registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, or physician's assistant engaged in the admission, care, or treatment of patients as being affected by substance abuse or demonstrating withdrawal symptoms resulting from prenatal drug exposure." Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-3-401.

1/1/2017Yes2 Citations
CT (Connecticut)
1/1/2017 No Law
DE (Delaware)
1/1/2017 No Law
DC (District of Columbia)
1/1/2017 No Law
FL (Florida)
1/1/2017Yes1 Citations
GA (Georgia)
1/1/2017Yes3 Citations
HI (Hawaii)
1/1/2017 No Law
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2017 No Law
IL (Illinois)
1/1/2017Yes1 Citations
IN (Indiana)
1/1/2017Yes2 Citations
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2017 No Law
KS (Kansas)
1/1/2017 No Law
KY (Kentucky)
1/1/2017Yes3 Citations
LA (Louisiana)

In general, all laws enacted during a regular session of the Louisiana legislature take effect on August 15th of the calendar year in which the regular session is held; however, any bill may specify an earlier or later effective date. 2007 La. Acts 396 states that this provision will not become effective until the legislature appropriates sufficient funds for such purposes. APIS is unable to determine whether this condition has been met.

1/1/2017Yes3 Citations
ME (Maine)
1/1/2017Yes4 Citations
MD (Maryland)
1/1/2017 No Law
MA (Massachusetts)
1/1/2017Yes3 Citations
MI (Michigan)
1/1/2017 No Law
MN (Minnesota)
1/1/2017 No Law
MS (Mississippi)
1/1/2017 No Law
MO (Missouri)
1/1/2017 No Law
MT (Montana)
1/1/2017 No Law
NE (Nebraska)
1/1/2017 No Law
NV (Nevada)
1/1/2017Yes3 Citations
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2017 No Law
NJ (New Jersey)
1/1/2017 No Law
NM (New Mexico)
1/1/2017 No Law
NY (New York)
1/1/2017 No Law
NC (North Carolina)
1/1/2017 No Law
ND (North Dakota)
1/1/2017Yes3 Citations
OH (Ohio)
1/1/2017 No Law
OK (Oklahoma)
1/1/2017Yes3 Citations
OR (Oregon)
1/1/2017 No Law
PA (Pennsylvania)
1/1/2017 No Law
RI (Rhode Island)
1/1/2017Yes3 Citations
SC (South Carolina)
1/1/2017Yes3 Citations
SD (South Dakota)
1/1/2017Yes1 Citations
TN (Tennessee)
1/1/2017 No Law
TX (Texas)
1/1/2017Yes1 Citations
UT (Utah)
1/1/2017Yes2 Citations
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2017 No Law
VA (Virginia)
1/1/2017Yes3 Citations
WA (Washington)
1/1/2017 No Law
WV (West Virginia)
1/1/2017 No Law
WI (Wisconsin)
1/1/2017Yes4 Citations
WY (Wyoming)
1/1/2017 No Law
US ( United States)
1/1/2017 No Law