Pregnancy and Alcohol

Legal Significance for Child Abuse/Child Neglect

Laws that clarify the admissibility of evidence in child welfare proceedings regarding prenatal alcohol exposure as it pertains to allegations of child abuse, child neglect, child deprivation, or child dependence, or proceedings seeking termination of parental rights.

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Jurisdiction Policies as of Provisions Pertaining to
Child Abuse/Child Neglect
Citations
Alabama (2037)
1/1/2021Yes1 Citations
Alaska (2036)
1/1/2021 
Arizona (2035)
1/1/2021Yes4 Citations
Arkansas (2034)
1/1/2021 
California (2033)

California allows for a positive toxicology test at the time of the delivery of a child. The positive toxicology "is not in and of itself a sufficient basis for reporting child abuse or neglect." The test may, however, be used for an assessment of services for the child. Cal. Penal Code § 11165.13.

1/1/2021 No Law
1 Citations
Colorado (2032)

Although Colorado's definition of child abuse and neglect does not include prenatal alcohol exposure, as of July 1, 2004, a child may be taken into temporary custody by a law enforcement officer without order of the court, "when a newborn child is identified by a physician, registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, or physician's assistant engaged in the admission, care, or treatment of patients as being affected by substance abuse or demonstrating withdrawal symptoms resulting from prenatal drug exposure." Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-3-401.

1/1/2021Yes3 Citations
Connecticut (2031)
1/1/2021 
Delaware (2030)
1/1/2021 
District of Columbia (2029)
1/1/2021 
Florida (2028)
1/1/2021Yes1 Citations
Georgia (2027)
1/1/2021Yes3 Citations
Hawaii (2026)
1/1/2021 
Idaho (2025)
1/1/2021 
Illinois (2024)
1/1/2021Yes1 Citations
Indiana (2023)
1/1/2021Yes2 Citations
Iowa (2022)
1/1/2021 
Kansas (5117)
1/1/2021Yes2 Citations
Kentucky (2020)
1/1/2021Yes3 Citations
Louisiana (2019)

In general, all laws enacted during a regular session of the Louisiana legislature take effect on August 15th of the calendar year in which the regular session is held; however, any bill may specify an earlier or later effective date. 2007 La. Acts 396 states that this provision will not become effective until the legislature appropriates sufficient funds for such purposes. APIS is unable to determine whether this condition has been met.

1/1/2021Yes3 Citations
Maine (2018)
1/1/2021Yes4 Citations
Maryland (2017)
1/1/2021 
Massachusetts (2016)
1/1/2021Yes3 Citations
Michigan (2015)
1/1/2021 
Minnesota (2014)
1/1/2021 
Mississippi (2013)
1/1/2021 
Missouri (2012)
1/1/2021 
Montana (2011)
1/1/2021 
Nebraska (2010)
1/1/2021 
Nevada (2009)
1/1/2021Yes3 Citations
New Hampshire (2008)
1/1/2021 
New Jersey (4135)
1/1/2021Yes3 Citations
New Mexico (2006)
1/1/2021 
New York (2005)
1/1/2021 
North Carolina (2004)
1/1/2021 
North Dakota (2003)
1/1/2021Yes3 Citations
Ohio (2002)
1/1/2021 
Oklahoma (2001)
1/1/2021Yes3 Citations
Oregon (2000)
1/1/2021 
Pennsylvania (1999)

Beginning on October 1, 2018, a health care provider's notification to the Department of Human Services and any transmittal to a county agency that a child was born affected by (1) substance use or withdrawal symptoms resulting from prenatal drug exposure or (2) a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder shall not constitute a child abuse report. 23 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 6386.

1/1/2021 
Rhode Island (2079)
1/1/2021Yes2 Citations
South Carolina (1997)
1/1/2021Yes3 Citations
South Dakota (1996)
1/1/2021Yes1 Citations
Tennessee (1995)
1/1/2021 
Texas (1994)
1/1/2021Yes2 Citations
Utah (1993)
1/1/2021Yes2 Citations
Vermont (1992)
1/1/2021 
Virginia (1991)
1/1/2021Yes3 Citations
Washington (1990)
1/1/2021 
West Virginia (1989)
1/1/2021 
Wisconsin (1988)
1/1/2021Yes4 Citations
Wyoming (1987)
1/1/2021 
United States (2038)
1/1/2021