Pregnancy and Alcohol

Legal Significance for Child Abuse/Child Neglect

Laws that clarify the admissibility of evidence in child welfare proceedings regarding prenatal alcohol exposure as it pertains to allegations of child abuse, child neglect, child deprivation, or child dependence, or proceedings seeking termination of parental rights.

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Jurisdiction Policies as of Provisions Pertaining to
Child Abuse/Child Neglect
Citations
Alabama (2037)
1/1/2020Yes1 Citations
Alaska (2036)
1/1/2020 
Arizona (2035)
1/1/2020Yes4 Citations
Arkansas (2034)
1/1/2020 
California (2033)

California allows for a positive toxicology test at the time of the delivery of a child. The positive toxicology "is not in and of itself a sufficient basis for reporting child abuse or neglect." The test may, however, be used for an assessment of services for the child. Cal. Penal Code § 11165.13.

1/1/2020 No Law
1 Citations
Colorado (2032)

Although Colorado's definition of child abuse and neglect does not include prenatal alcohol exposure, as of July 1, 2004, a child may be taken into temporary custody by a law enforcement officer without order of the court, "when a newborn child is identified by a physician, registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, or physician's assistant engaged in the admission, care, or treatment of patients as being affected by substance abuse or demonstrating withdrawal symptoms resulting from prenatal drug exposure." Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-3-401.

1/1/2020Yes2 Citations
Connecticut (2031)
1/1/2020 
Delaware (2030)
1/1/2020 
District of Columbia (2029)
1/1/2020 
Florida (2028)
1/1/2020Yes1 Citations
Georgia (2027)
1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
Hawaii (2026)
1/1/2020 
Idaho (2025)
1/1/2020 
Illinois (2024)
1/1/2020Yes1 Citations
Indiana (2023)
1/1/2020Yes2 Citations
Iowa (2022)
1/1/2020 
Kansas (5117)
1/1/2020Yes2 Citations
Kentucky (2020)
1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
Louisiana (2019)

In general, all laws enacted during a regular session of the Louisiana legislature take effect on August 15th of the calendar year in which the regular session is held; however, any bill may specify an earlier or later effective date. 2007 La. Acts 396 states that this provision will not become effective until the legislature appropriates sufficient funds for such purposes. APIS is unable to determine whether this condition has been met.

1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
Maine (2018)
1/1/2020Yes4 Citations
Maryland (2017)
1/1/2020 
Massachusetts (2016)
1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
Michigan (2015)
1/1/2020 
Minnesota (2014)
1/1/2020 
Mississippi (2013)
1/1/2020 
Missouri (2012)
1/1/2020 
Montana (2011)
1/1/2020 
Nebraska (2010)
1/1/2020 
Nevada (2009)
1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
New Hampshire (2008)
1/1/2020 
New Jersey (4135)
1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
New Mexico (2006)
1/1/2020 
New York (2005)
1/1/2020 
North Carolina (2004)
1/1/2020 
North Dakota (2003)
1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
Ohio (2002)
1/1/2020 
Oklahoma (2001)
1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
Oregon (2000)
1/1/2020 
Pennsylvania (1999)

Beginning on October 1, 2018, a health care provider's notification to the Department of Human Services and any transmittal to a county agency that a child was born affected by (1) substance use or withdrawal symptoms resulting from prenatal drug exposure or (2) a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder shall not constitute a child abuse report. 23 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 6386.

1/1/2020 
Rhode Island (2079)
1/1/2020Yes2 Citations
South Carolina (1997)
1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
South Dakota (1996)
1/1/2020Yes1 Citations
Tennessee (1995)
1/1/2020 
Texas (1994)
1/1/2020Yes1 Citations
Utah (1993)
1/1/2020Yes2 Citations
Vermont (1992)
1/1/2020 
Virginia (1991)
1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
Washington (1990)
1/1/2020 
West Virginia (1989)
1/1/2020 
Wisconsin (1988)
1/1/2020Yes4 Citations
Wyoming (1987)
1/1/2020 
United States (2038)
1/1/2020