Pregnancy and Alcohol

Legal Significance for Child Abuse/Child Neglect

Laws that clarify the admissibility of evidence in child welfare proceedings regarding prenatal alcohol exposure as it pertains to allegations of child abuse, child neglect, child deprivation, or child dependence, or proceedings seeking termination of parental rights.

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Jurisdiction Policies as of Provisions Pertaining to
Child Abuse/Child Neglect
Citations
AL (Alabama)
1/1/2018Yes1 Citations
AK (Alaska)
1/1/2018 
AZ (Arizona)
1/1/2018Yes4 Citations
AR (Arkansas)
1/1/2018 
CA (California)

California allows for a positive toxicology test at the time of the delivery of a child. The positive toxicology "is not in and of itself a sufficient basis for reporting child abuse or neglect." The test may, however, be used for an assessment of services for the child. Cal. Penal Code § 11165.13.

1/1/2018 No Law
1 Citations
CO (Colorado)

Although Colorado's definition of child abuse and neglect does not include prenatal alcohol exposure, as of July 1, 2004, a child may be taken into temporary custody by a law enforcement officer without order of the court, "when a newborn child is identified by a physician, registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, or physician's assistant engaged in the admission, care, or treatment of patients as being affected by substance abuse or demonstrating withdrawal symptoms resulting from prenatal drug exposure." Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-3-401.

1/1/2018Yes2 Citations
CT (Connecticut)
1/1/2018 
DE (Delaware)
1/1/2018 
DC (District of Columbia)
1/1/2018 
FL (Florida)
1/1/2018Yes1 Citations
GA (Georgia)
1/1/2018Yes3 Citations
HI (Hawaii)
1/1/2018 
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2018 
IL (Illinois)
1/1/2018Yes1 Citations
IN (Indiana)
1/1/2018Yes2 Citations
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2018 
KS (Kansas)
1/1/2018 
KY (Kentucky)
1/1/2018Yes3 Citations
LA (Louisiana)

In general, all laws enacted during a regular session of the Louisiana legislature take effect on August 15th of the calendar year in which the regular session is held; however, any bill may specify an earlier or later effective date. 2007 La. Acts 396 states that this provision will not become effective until the legislature appropriates sufficient funds for such purposes. APIS is unable to determine whether this condition has been met.

1/1/2018Yes3 Citations
ME (Maine)
1/1/2018Yes4 Citations
MD (Maryland)
1/1/2018 
MA (Massachusetts)
1/1/2018Yes3 Citations
MI (Michigan)
1/1/2018 
MN (Minnesota)
1/1/2018 
MS (Mississippi)
1/1/2018 
MO (Missouri)
1/1/2018 
MT (Montana)
1/1/2018 
NE (Nebraska)
1/1/2018 
NV (Nevada)
1/1/2018Yes3 Citations
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2018 
NJ (New Jersey)
1/1/2018 
NM (New Mexico)
1/1/2018 
NY (New York)
1/1/2018 
NC (North Carolina)
1/1/2018 
ND (North Dakota)
1/1/2018Yes3 Citations
OH (Ohio)
1/1/2018 
OK (Oklahoma)
1/1/2018Yes3 Citations
OR (Oregon)
1/1/2018 
PA (Pennsylvania)
1/1/2018 
RI (Rhode Island)
1/1/2018Yes3 Citations
SC (South Carolina)
1/1/2018Yes3 Citations
SD (South Dakota)
1/1/2018Yes1 Citations
TN (Tennessee)
1/1/2018 
TX (Texas)
1/1/2018Yes1 Citations
UT (Utah)
1/1/2018Yes2 Citations
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2018 
VA (Virginia)
1/1/2018Yes3 Citations
WA (Washington)
1/1/2018 
WV (West Virginia)
1/1/2018 
WI (Wisconsin)
1/1/2018Yes4 Citations
WY (Wyoming)
1/1/2018 
US ( United States)
1/1/2018