Pregnancy and Alcohol

Legal Significance for Child Abuse/Child Neglect

Laws that clarify the admissibility of evidence in child welfare proceedings regarding prenatal alcohol exposure as it pertains to allegations of child abuse, child neglect, child deprivation, or child dependence, or proceedings seeking termination of parental rights.

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Changes Over Time for Legal Significance for Child Abuse/Child Neglect
Jurisdiction Date Range Provisions Pertaining to
Child Abuse/Child Neglect
Citations
AL (Alabama)
1/1/2003 - 3/10/2003 
AL (Alabama)
3/11/2003 - 1/1/2018Yes1 Citations
AZ (Arizona)
1/1/2003 - 12/17/2003 
AZ (Arizona)
12/18/2003 - 1/1/2018Yes4 Citations
CO (Colorado)
1/1/2003 - 6/30/2004 
CO (Colorado)

Although Colorado's definition of child abuse and neglect does not include prenatal alcohol exposure, as of July 1, 2004, a child may be taken into temporary custody by a law enforcement officer without order of the court, "when a newborn child is identified by a physician, registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, or physician's assistant engaged in the admission, care, or treatment of patients as being affected by substance abuse or demonstrating withdrawal symptoms resulting from prenatal drug exposure." Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-3-401.

7/1/2004 - 1/1/2018Yes2 Citations
GA (Georgia)
1/1/2003 - 12/31/2013 
GA (Georgia)
1/1/2014 - 1/1/2018Yes3 Citations
LA (Louisiana)
1/1/2003 - 8/14/2007 
LA (Louisiana)

In general, all laws enacted during a regular session of the Louisiana legislature take effect on August 15th of the calendar year in which the regular session is held; however, any bill may specify an earlier or later effective date. 2007 La. Acts 396 states that this provision will not become effective until the legislature appropriates sufficient funds for such purposes. APIS is unable to determine whether this condition has been met.

8/15/2007 - 1/1/2018Yes3 Citations
ME (Maine)
1/1/2003 - 7/29/2004 
ME (Maine)
7/30/2004 - 1/1/2018Yes4 Citations
ND (North Dakota)
1/1/2003 - 3/25/2003 
ND (North Dakota)
3/26/2003 - 1/1/2018Yes3 Citations