Pregnancy and Alcohol

Legal Significance for Child Abuse/Child Neglect

Laws that clarify the admissibility of evidence in child welfare proceedings regarding prenatal alcohol exposure as it pertains to allegations of child abuse, child neglect, child deprivation, or child dependence, or proceedings seeking termination of parental rights.

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Changes Over Time for Legal Significance for Child Abuse/Child Neglect
Jurisdiction Date Range Provisions Pertaining to
Child Abuse/Child Neglect
Alabama (2041)
1/1/2003 - 3/10/2003 
Alabama (2037)
3/11/2003 - 1/1/2019Yes1 Citations
Arizona (2043)
1/1/2003 - 12/17/2003 
Arizona (2035)
12/18/2003 - 1/1/2019Yes4 Citations
Colorado (2045)
1/1/2003 - 6/30/2004 
Colorado (2032)

Although Colorado's definition of child abuse and neglect does not include prenatal alcohol exposure, as of July 1, 2004, a child may be taken into temporary custody by a law enforcement officer without order of the court, "when a newborn child is identified by a physician, registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, or physician's assistant engaged in the admission, care, or treatment of patients as being affected by substance abuse or demonstrating withdrawal symptoms resulting from prenatal drug exposure." Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-3-401.

7/1/2004 - 1/1/2019Yes2 Citations
Georgia (2050)
1/1/2003 - 12/31/2013 
Georgia (2027)
1/1/2014 - 1/1/2019Yes3 Citations
Louisiana (2058)
1/1/2003 - 8/14/2007 
Louisiana (2019)

In general, all laws enacted during a regular session of the Louisiana legislature take effect on August 15th of the calendar year in which the regular session is held; however, any bill may specify an earlier or later effective date. 2007 La. Acts 396 states that this provision will not become effective until the legislature appropriates sufficient funds for such purposes. APIS is unable to determine whether this condition has been met.

8/15/2007 - 1/1/2019Yes3 Citations
Maine (2061)
1/1/2003 - 7/29/2004 
Maine (2018)
7/30/2004 - 1/1/2019Yes4 Citations
New Jersey (2007)
1/1/2003 - 1/15/2018 
New Jersey (4135)
1/16/2018 - 1/1/2019Yes3 Citations
North Dakota (2068)
1/1/2003 - 3/25/2003 
North Dakota (2003)
3/26/2003 - 1/1/2019Yes3 Citations