Pregnancy and Alcohol

Legal Significance for Child Abuse/Child Neglect

Laws that clarify the admissibility of evidence in child welfare proceedings regarding prenatal alcohol exposure as it pertains to allegations of child abuse, child neglect, child deprivation, or child dependence, or proceedings seeking termination of parental rights.

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Changes Over Time for Legal Significance for Child Abuse/Child Neglect
Jurisdiction Date Range Provisions Pertaining to
Child Abuse/Child Neglect
Citations
Alabama (2041)
1/1/1968 - 3/10/2003 
Alabama (2037)
3/11/2003 - 1/1/2020Yes1 Citations
Arizona (2043)
1/1/1968 - 12/17/2003 
Arizona (2035)
12/18/2003 - 1/1/2020Yes4 Citations
California (4217)
1/1/1968 - 12/31/2002 
California (2033)

California allows for a positive toxicology test at the time of the delivery of a child. The positive toxicology "is not in and of itself a sufficient basis for reporting child abuse or neglect." The test may, however, be used for an assessment of services for the child. Cal. Penal Code § 11165.13.

1/1/2003 - 1/1/2020 No Law
1 Citations
Colorado (2045)
1/1/1968 - 6/30/2004 
Colorado (2032)

Although Colorado's definition of child abuse and neglect does not include prenatal alcohol exposure, as of July 1, 2004, a child may be taken into temporary custody by a law enforcement officer without order of the court, "when a newborn child is identified by a physician, registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, or physician's assistant engaged in the admission, care, or treatment of patients as being affected by substance abuse or demonstrating withdrawal symptoms resulting from prenatal drug exposure." Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-3-401.

7/1/2004 - 1/1/2020Yes2 Citations
Florida (4224)
1/1/1968 - 9/30/1998 
Florida (2028)
10/1/1998 - 1/1/2020Yes1 Citations
Georgia (2050)
1/1/1968 - 12/31/2013 
Georgia (2027)
1/1/2014 - 1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
Illinois (4230)
1/1/1968 - 12/31/1987 
Illinois (2024)
1/1/1988 - 1/1/2020Yes1 Citations
Indiana (4232)
1/1/1968 - 5/3/1997 
Indiana (2023)
5/4/1987 - 1/1/2020Yes2 Citations
Kansas (2021)
1/1/1968 - 2/21/2019 
Kansas (5117)
2/22/2019 - 1/1/2020Yes2 Citations
Kentucky (4235)
1/1/1968 - 7/13/1992 
Kentucky (2020)
7/14/1992 - 1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
Louisiana (2058)
1/1/1968 - 8/14/2007 
Louisiana (2019)

In general, all laws enacted during a regular session of the Louisiana legislature take effect on August 15th of the calendar year in which the regular session is held; however, any bill may specify an earlier or later effective date. 2007 La. Acts 396 states that this provision will not become effective until the legislature appropriates sufficient funds for such purposes. APIS is unable to determine whether this condition has been met.

8/15/2007 - 1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
Maine (2061)
1/1/1968 - 7/29/2004 
Maine (2018)
7/30/2004 - 1/1/2020Yes4 Citations
Massachusetts (4240)
1/1/1968 - 2/18/1974 
Massachusetts (2016)
2/19/1974 - 1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
Nevada (4256)
1/1/1968 - 9/30/1985 
Nevada (2009)
10/1/1985 - 1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
New Jersey (2007)
1/1/1968 - 1/15/2018 
New Jersey (4135)
1/16/2018 - 1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
North Dakota (2068)
1/1/1968 - 3/25/2003 
North Dakota (2003)
3/26/2003 - 1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
Oklahoma (4260)
1/1/1968 - 6/30/2000 
Oklahoma (2001)
7/1/2000 - 1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
Rhode Island (4264)
1/1/1968 - 6/30/1990 
Rhode Island (2079)
7/1/1990 - 1/1/2020Yes2 Citations
South Carolina (4266)
1/1/1968 - 12/31/1996 
South Carolina (1997)
1/1/1997 - 1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
South Dakota (4268)
1/1/1968 - 6/30/1998 
South Dakota (1996)
7/1/1998 - 1/1/2020Yes1 Citations
Texas (4271)
1/1/1968 - 8/31/1997 
Texas (1994)
9/1/1997 - 1/1/2020Yes1 Citations
Utah (4273)
1/1/1968 - 12/31/1987 
Utah (1993)
1/1/1988 - 1/1/2020Yes2 Citations
Virginia (4275)
1/1/1968 - 6/30/1998 
Virginia (1991)
7/1/1998 - 1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
Wisconsin (4279)
1/1/1968 - 6/30/1998 
Wisconsin (1988)
7/1/1998 - 1/1/2020Yes4 Citations