Pregnancy and Alcohol

Limitations on Criminal Prosecution

Laws addressing the use of medical test results, such as prenatal screenings or toxicology tests, as evidence in the criminal prosecution of women who may have caused harm to a fetus or a child.

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Jurisdiction Policies as of Limitations on
Criminal Prosecution
Citations
AL (Alabama)
1/1/2017 
AK (Alaska)
1/1/2017 
AZ (Arizona)
1/1/2017 
AR (Arkansas)
1/1/2017 
CA (California)
1/1/2017 
CO (Colorado)
1/1/2017Yes3 Citations
CT (Connecticut)
1/1/2017 
DE (Delaware)
1/1/2017 
DC (District of Columbia)
1/1/2017 
FL (Florida)
1/1/2017 
GA (Georgia)
1/1/2017 
HI (Hawaii)
1/1/2017 
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2017 
IL (Illinois)
1/1/2017 
IN (Indiana)
1/1/2017 
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2017 
KS (Kansas)
1/1/2017Yes1 Citations
KY (Kentucky)
1/1/2017Yes2 Citations
LA (Louisiana)

In general, all laws enacted during a regular session of the Louisiana legislature take effect on August 15th of the calendar year in which the regular session is held; however, any bill may specify an earlier or later effective date. 2007 La. Acts 396 states that this provision will not become effective until the legislature appropriates sufficient funds for such purposes. APIS is unable to determine whether this condition has been met.

1/1/2017Yes2 Citations
ME (Maine)
1/1/2017 
MD (Maryland)
1/1/2017 
MA (Massachusetts)
1/1/2017 
MI (Michigan)
1/1/2017 
MN (Minnesota)
1/1/2017 
MS (Mississippi)
1/1/2017 
MO (Missouri)
1/1/2017Yes1 Citations
MT (Montana)
1/1/2017 
NE (Nebraska)
1/1/2017 
NV (Nevada)
1/1/2017Yes2 Citations
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2017 
NJ (New Jersey)
1/1/2017 
NM (New Mexico)
1/1/2017 
NY (New York)
1/1/2017 
NC (North Carolina)
1/1/2017 
ND (North Dakota)
1/1/2017 
OH (Ohio)
1/1/2017 
OK (Oklahoma)
1/1/2017 
OR (Oregon)
1/1/2017 
PA (Pennsylvania)
1/1/2017 
RI (Rhode Island)
1/1/2017 
SC (South Carolina)
1/1/2017 
SD (South Dakota)
1/1/2017 
TN (Tennessee)
1/1/2017 
TX (Texas)
1/1/2017 
UT (Utah)
1/1/2017 
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2017 
VA (Virginia)
1/1/2017Yes1 Citations
WA (Washington)
1/1/2017 
WV (West Virginia)
1/1/2017 
WI (Wisconsin)
1/1/2017 
WY (Wyoming)
1/1/2017 
US ( United States)
1/1/2017