Pregnancy and Alcohol

Limitations on Criminal Prosecution

Laws addressing the use of medical test results, such as prenatal screenings or toxicology tests, as evidence in the criminal prosecution of women who may have caused harm to a fetus or a child.

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Jurisdiction Policies as of Limitations on
Criminal Prosecution
Citations
Alabama (2097)
1/1/2020 
Alaska (2098)
1/1/2020 
Arizona (2099)
1/1/2020 
Arkansas (2100)
1/1/2020 
California (2102)
1/1/2020 
Colorado (2101)
1/1/2020Yes3 Citations
Connecticut (2103)
1/1/2020 
Delaware (2104)
1/1/2020 
District of Columbia (2105)
1/1/2020 
Florida (2106)
1/1/2020 
Georgia (2107)
1/1/2020 
Hawaii (2108)
1/1/2020 
Idaho (2109)
1/1/2020 
Illinois (2110)
1/1/2020 
Indiana (2111)
1/1/2020 
Iowa (2112)
1/1/2020 
Kansas (2091)
1/1/2020Yes1 Citations
Kentucky (2096)
1/1/2020Yes2 Citations
Louisiana (2113)

In general, all laws enacted during a regular session of the Louisiana legislature take effect on August 15th of the calendar year in which the regular session is held; however, any bill may specify an earlier or later effective date. 2007 La. Acts 396 states that this provision will not become effective until the legislature appropriates sufficient funds for such purposes. APIS is unable to determine whether this condition has been met.

1/1/2020Yes2 Citations
Maine (2114)
1/1/2020 
Maryland (2115)
1/1/2020 
Massachusetts (2116)
1/1/2020 
Michigan (2117)
1/1/2020 
Minnesota (2118)
1/1/2020 
Mississippi (2119)
1/1/2020 
Missouri (2095)
1/1/2020Yes1 Citations
Montana (2120)
1/1/2020 
Nebraska (2121)
1/1/2020 
Nevada (2093)
1/1/2020Yes2 Citations
New Hampshire (2122)
1/1/2020 
New Jersey (2123)
1/1/2020 
New Mexico (2124)
1/1/2020 
New York (2125)
1/1/2020 
North Carolina (2126)
1/1/2020 
North Dakota (2127)
1/1/2020 
Ohio (2128)
1/1/2020 
Oklahoma (2092)
1/1/2020 
Oregon (2129)
1/1/2020 
Pennsylvania (2130)
1/1/2020 
Rhode Island (2131)
1/1/2020 
South Carolina (2132)
1/1/2020 
South Dakota (2094)
1/1/2020 
Tennessee (2134)
1/1/2020 
Texas (2135)
1/1/2020 
Utah (2136)
1/1/2020 
Vermont (2137)
1/1/2020 
Virginia (2133)
1/1/2020Yes1 Citations
Washington (2141)
1/1/2020 
West Virginia (2138)
1/1/2020 
Wisconsin (2139)
1/1/2020 
Wyoming (2140)
1/1/2020 
United States (2142)
1/1/2020