Pregnancy and Alcohol

Limitations on Criminal Prosecution

Laws addressing the use of medical test results, such as prenatal screenings or toxicology tests, as evidence in the criminal prosecution of women who may have caused harm to a fetus or a child.

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Jurisdiction Policies as of Limitations on
Criminal Prosecution
Citations
AL (Alabama)
1/1/2018 
AK (Alaska)
1/1/2018 
AZ (Arizona)
1/1/2018 
AR (Arkansas)
1/1/2018 
CA (California)
1/1/2018 
CO (Colorado)
1/1/2018Yes3 Citations
CT (Connecticut)
1/1/2018 
DE (Delaware)
1/1/2018 
DC (District of Columbia)
1/1/2018 
FL (Florida)
1/1/2018 
GA (Georgia)
1/1/2018 
HI (Hawaii)
1/1/2018 
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2018 
IL (Illinois)
1/1/2018 
IN (Indiana)
1/1/2018 
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2018 
KS (Kansas)
1/1/2018Yes1 Citations
KY (Kentucky)
1/1/2018Yes2 Citations
LA (Louisiana)

In general, all laws enacted during a regular session of the Louisiana legislature take effect on August 15th of the calendar year in which the regular session is held; however, any bill may specify an earlier or later effective date. 2007 La. Acts 396 states that this provision will not become effective until the legislature appropriates sufficient funds for such purposes. APIS is unable to determine whether this condition has been met.

1/1/2018Yes2 Citations
ME (Maine)
1/1/2018 
MD (Maryland)
1/1/2018 
MA (Massachusetts)
1/1/2018 
MI (Michigan)
1/1/2018 
MN (Minnesota)
1/1/2018 
MS (Mississippi)
1/1/2018 
MO (Missouri)
1/1/2018Yes1 Citations
MT (Montana)
1/1/2018 
NE (Nebraska)
1/1/2018 
NV (Nevada)
1/1/2018Yes2 Citations
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2018 
NJ (New Jersey)
1/1/2018 
NM (New Mexico)
1/1/2018 
NY (New York)
1/1/2018 
NC (North Carolina)
1/1/2018 
ND (North Dakota)
1/1/2018 
OH (Ohio)
1/1/2018 
OK (Oklahoma)
1/1/2018 
OR (Oregon)
1/1/2018 
PA (Pennsylvania)
1/1/2018 
RI (Rhode Island)
1/1/2018 
SC (South Carolina)
1/1/2018 
SD (South Dakota)
1/1/2018 
TN (Tennessee)
1/1/2018 
TX (Texas)
1/1/2018 
UT (Utah)
1/1/2018 
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2018 
VA (Virginia)
1/1/2018Yes1 Citations
WA (Washington)
1/1/2018 
WV (West Virginia)
1/1/2018 
WI (Wisconsin)
1/1/2018 
WY (Wyoming)
1/1/2018 
US ( United States)
1/1/2018