Pregnancy and Alcohol

Limitations on Criminal Prosecution

Laws addressing the use of medical test results, such as prenatal screenings or toxicology tests, as evidence in the criminal prosecution of women who may have caused harm to a fetus or a child.

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Timeline of changes for Limitations on Criminal Prosecution
Jurisdiction202120202019201820172016201520142013201220112010200920082007200620052004200320022001200019991998199719961995199419931992199119901989198819871986198519841983198219811980197919781977197619751974197319721971197019691968
Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1
AlabamaNo Change
AlaskaNo Change
ArizonaNo Change
ArkansasNo Change
CaliforniaNo Change
Colorado                                    
  • Jurisdiction: Colorado
  • Effective Date of Change: 3/9/2012
  • Change: Limitation on criminal prosecution adopted
  • Details
                                                                                                                                                                                
ConnecticutNo Change
DelawareNo Change
District of ColumbiaNo Change
Florida                                                                                          
  • Jurisdiction: Florida
  • Effective Date of Change: 7/1/1998
  • Change: Limitation on criminal prosecution eliminated
  • Details
      
  • Jurisdiction: Florida
  • Effective Date of Change: 10/1/1996
  • Change:
  • Details
                                                                                                                   
GeorgiaNo Change
HawaiiNo Change
IdahoNo Change
IllinoisNo Change
IndianaNo Change
IowaNo Change
Kansas                                                                                                                
  • Jurisdiction: Kansas
  • Effective Date of Change: 1/1/1993
  • Change:
  • Details
                                                                                                    
Kentucky                                                                                                                  
  • Jurisdiction: Kentucky
  • Effective Date of Change: 7/13/1992
  • Change:
  • Details
                                                                                                  
Louisiana                                                      
  • Jurisdiction: Louisiana
  • Effective Date of Change: 8/15/2007
  • Change: Limitation on criminal prosecution adopted
  • Details
                                                                                                                                                              
MaineNo Change
MarylandNo Change
MassachusettsNo Change
MichiganNo Change
MinnesotaNo Change
MississippiNo Change
Missouri                                                                                                                  
  • Jurisdiction: Missouri
  • Effective Date of Change: 7/1/1992
  • Change:
  • Details
                                                                                                  
MontanaNo Change
NebraskaNo Change
Nevada                                                                                     
  • Jurisdiction: Nevada
  • Effective Date of Change: 10/1/1999
  • Change: Limitation on criminal prosecution adopted
  • Details
                                                                                                                               
New HampshireNo Change
New JerseyNo Change
New MexicoNo Change
New YorkNo Change
North CarolinaNo Change
North DakotaNo Change
OhioNo Change
OklahomaNo Change
OregonNo Change
PennsylvaniaNo Change
Rhode IslandNo Change
South CarolinaNo Change
South DakotaNo Change
TennesseeNo Change
TexasNo Change
UtahNo Change
VermontNo Change
Virginia                                                                                                                  
  • Jurisdiction: Virginia
  • Effective Date of Change: 7/1/1992
  • Change:
  • Details
                                                                                                  
WashingtonNo Change
West VirginiaNo Change
WisconsinNo Change
WyomingNo Change
United StatesNo Change