Pregnancy and Alcohol

Limitations on Criminal Prosecution

Laws addressing the use of medical test results, such as prenatal screenings or toxicology tests, as evidence in the criminal prosecution of women who may have caused harm to a fetus or a child.

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Timeline of changes for Limitations on Criminal Prosecution
Jurisdiction19681969197019711972197319741975197619771978197919801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1
AlabamaNo Change
AlaskaNo Change
ArizonaNo Change
ArkansasNo Change
CaliforniaNo Change
Colorado                                                                                                                                                                                
  • Jurisdiction: Colorado
  • Effective Date of Change: 3/9/2012
  • Change: Limitation on criminal prosecution adopted
  • Details
                                
ConnecticutNo Change
DelawareNo Change
District of ColumbiaNo Change
Florida                                                                                                                   
  • Jurisdiction: Florida
  • Effective Date of Change: 10/1/1996
  • Change:
  • Details
      
  • Jurisdiction: Florida
  • Effective Date of Change: 7/1/1998
  • Change: Limitation on criminal prosecution eliminated
  • Details
                                                                                      
GeorgiaNo Change
HawaiiNo Change
IdahoNo Change
IllinoisNo Change
IndianaNo Change
IowaNo Change
Kansas                                                                                                    
  • Jurisdiction: Kansas
  • Effective Date of Change: 1/1/1993
  • Change:
  • Details
                                                                                                            
Kentucky                                                                                                  
  • Jurisdiction: Kentucky
  • Effective Date of Change: 7/13/1992
  • Change:
  • Details
                                                                                                              
Louisiana                                                                                                                                                              
  • Jurisdiction: Louisiana
  • Effective Date of Change: 8/15/2007
  • Change: Limitation on criminal prosecution adopted
  • Details
                                                  
MaineNo Change
MarylandNo Change
MassachusettsNo Change
MichiganNo Change
MinnesotaNo Change
MississippiNo Change
Missouri                                                                                                  
  • Jurisdiction: Missouri
  • Effective Date of Change: 7/1/1992
  • Change:
  • Details
                                                                                                              
MontanaNo Change
NebraskaNo Change
Nevada                                                                                                                               
  • Jurisdiction: Nevada
  • Effective Date of Change: 10/1/1999
  • Change: Limitation on criminal prosecution adopted
  • Details
                                                                                 
New HampshireNo Change
New JerseyNo Change
New MexicoNo Change
New YorkNo Change
North CarolinaNo Change
North DakotaNo Change
OhioNo Change
OklahomaNo Change
OregonNo Change
PennsylvaniaNo Change
Rhode IslandNo Change
South CarolinaNo Change
South DakotaNo Change
TennesseeNo Change
TexasNo Change
UtahNo Change
VermontNo Change
Virginia                                                                                                  
  • Jurisdiction: Virginia
  • Effective Date of Change: 7/1/1992
  • Change:
  • Details
                                                                                                              
WashingtonNo Change
West VirginiaNo Change
WisconsinNo Change
WyomingNo Change
United StatesNo Change