Underage Drinking

Minimum Ages for Off-Premises Sellers

Laws that specify a minimum age for employees who sell alcoholic beverages in off-premises establishments.

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Jurisdiction Policies as of Minimum Age To Sell Manager or
Must Be
Beer Wine Spirits
AL (Alabama)

A minor employee of an off-premises retail licensee may handle, transport or sell beer or table wine, provided there is an adult employee in attendance at all times.

1/1/20180021Yes2 Citations
AK (Alaska)
1/1/2018212121 No Law
1 Citations
AZ (Arizona)

Prior to August 9, 2017, off-sale retailers could employ persons who were at least 16 years of age to check out, if supervised by a person on the premises who was at least 19 years of age, package or carry merchandise, including spirituous liquor, in unbroken packages, for the convenience of the customer of the employer, if the employer sold primarily merchandise other than spirituous liquor. As of August 9, 2017, the age of the supervising person need only be 18 years of age.

1/1/2018161616Yes1 Citations
AR (Arkansas)
1/1/2018181821 1 Citations
CA (California)
1/1/2018000Yes1 Citations
CO (Colorado)

Although employees must be at least 21 years of age to sell malt, vinous, or spirituous liquors in a retail liquor store, employees at least 18 years of age may sell fermented malt beverages containing not more than 3.2 percent alcohol by weight in establishments where fermented malt beverages are sold at retail in containers for off-premises consumption.

1/1/2018212121 4 Citations
CT (Connecticut)

Although any person 15 years of age or older may be employed by a grocery store beer permitee, as of June 2, 2016, an employee 18 years of age or over must approve all beer sales.

1/1/2018151818Yes2 Citations
DE (Delaware)
1/1/2018212121 1 Citations
DC (District of Columbia)
1/1/2018181818 1 Citations
FL (Florida)
1/1/20180018 2 Citations
GA (Georgia)
1/1/2018000 1 Citations
HI (Hawaii)

Liquor can be sold by persons 18 to 20 years of age only in licensed establishments where selling or serving the intoxicating liquor is part of the minor's employment, and where there is proper supervision of these minor employees to ensure that the minors shall not consume the intoxicating liquor.

1/1/2018181818Yes1 Citations
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2018191919 3 Citations
IL (Illinois)
1/1/2018181818 3 Citations
IN (Indiana)
1/1/2018191919Yes4 Citations
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2018161618 1 Citations
KS (Kansas)

Although employees must be at least 21 years of age to sell alcoholic liquors at off-sale establishments, employees who are at least 18 years of age may sell cereal malt beverages (defined as containing not more than 3.2 percent alcohol by weight) if the licensee's place of business is licensed only to sell cereal malt beverages at retail in original and unopened containers and not for consumption on the premises.

1/1/2018212121 3 Citations
KY (Kentucky)

Although 20 years of age is the minimum age requirement to sell alcoholic beverages at both off-sale and on-sale establishments, 18-year-olds may stock, arrange displays, accept payment for, and sack malt beverages by the package, under the supervision of a person 20 years of age or older.

1/1/2018182020Yes1 Citations
LA (Louisiana)
1/1/2018000Yes3 Citations
ME (Maine)
1/1/2018171717Yes3 Citations
MD (Maryland)

Maryland statutes allow for exceptions by specific localities within Maryland that may have more or less restrictive laws on the age to sell or serve alcoholic beverages. Such "local options" are not addressed by APIS.

1/1/2018181821 3 Citations
MA (Massachusetts)
1/1/2018181818 1 Citations
MI (Michigan)
1/1/2018181818 1 Citations
MN (Minnesota)

In Minnesota, the minimum permitted age to sell 3.2 percent malt liquors for off-premises consumption is not specified.

1/1/2018181818 3 Citations
MS (Mississippi)
1/1/2018212121 2 Citations
MO (Missouri)
1/1/2018181818Yes1 Citations
MT (Montana)
1/1/2018181818 1 Citations
NE (Nebraska)

Employees between 16 and 19 years of age may complete a transaction for the sale of beer, wine, or spirits, if they do not handle or serve it.

1/1/2018161616 2 Citations
NV (Nevada)
1/1/2018161616Yes2 Citations
NH (New Hampshire)

To act as a cashier in a selling capacity, a minor is required to be at least 16 years of age, providing a person at least 18 years of age is in attendance and is designated in charge of the employees and business.

1/1/2018161616Yes1 Citations
NJ (New Jersey)
1/1/2018181818 1 Citations
NM (New Mexico)
1/1/2018212121 2 Citations
NY (New York)
1/1/20180018Yes1 Citations
NC (North Carolina)
1/1/20180018 4 Citations
ND (North Dakota)
1/1/2018212121 1 Citations
OH (Ohio)
1/1/2018181818 1 Citations
OK (Oklahoma)
1/1/2018212121 1 Citations
OR (Oregon)
1/1/2018181818 1 Citations
PA (Pennsylvania)

In Pennsylvania, a minor who is 17 years of age who is a high school graduate or who is declared to have attained his or her academic potential by the chief administrator of his or her school district is deemed to be a minor of 18 years of age for purposes of the laws relating to the employment of minors by retail licensees.

1/1/2018181818 3 Citations
RI (Rhode Island)
1/1/2018181818 1 Citations
SC (South Carolina)

Although no minimum age is specified to sell beer and wine at off-sale establishments licened to sell beer and wine, an employee of a retail liquor establishment must be at least 21 years of age.

1/1/20180021 3 Citations
SD (South Dakota)
1/1/201802121 3 Citations
TN (Tennessee)
1/1/2018181818 1 Citations
TX (Texas)
1/1/2018161621 5 Citations
UT (Utah)

Although employees must be at least 21 years of age to sell "liquor" at off-sale establishments in Utah, persons persons between 16 and 21 years of age may sell "beer" (defined as containing not more than 4% ABV or 3.2% ABW) on the premises of a beer retailer for off- premise consumption if under the supervision of a person 21 years of age or older who is on the premises.

1/1/2018212121 5 Citations
VT (Vermont)

Vermont statutes and regulations are silent regarding the minimum age of seller for distilled spirits sold for off-premises consumption, which occur only in state-controlled outlets. Vermont's Liquor Control Board establishes minimum age of seller in its outlets as a matter of internal board policy.

1/1/201816160 3 Citations
VA (Virginia)
1/1/2018000 3 Citations
WA (Washington)

There must be at least two adults twenty-one years of age or older on duty supervising the sale of spirits at the licensed premises. Wash. Rev. Code § 66.44.340

1/1/2018181818Yes2 Citations
WV (West Virginia)
1/1/2018181818 5 Citations
WI (Wisconsin)

No person, including a member of the licensee's or permittee's immediate family, other than the licensee, permittee or agent may serve fermented malt or alcohol beverages in any place operated under a Class "A," "Class A," Class "B," "Class B," or "Class C" license or permit unless he or she has an operator's license or is at least 18 years of age and is under the immediate supervision of the licensee, permittee, agent or a person holding an operator's license, who is on the premises at the time of the service. Thus, if an 18-year-old held an operator's license he or she would not require immediate supervision by a manager or supervisor.

1/1/2018181818 8 Citations
WY (Wyoming)
1/1/2018212121 1 Citations
US ( United States)

Please see Federal Law for this policy topic.