Alcohol Control Systems

Retail Distribution Systems for Spirits

Laws addressing retail distribution of distilled spirits including State-run, private licensed sellers, or combination systems.

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Jurisdiction
[Limited to states with a state-run-system]
Policies as of Distribution System: Spirits Subtype
Alcohol Content Range
V=Alcohol by Volume
W=Alcohol by Weight
N=Measurement Not Specified
Citations
Overall By Spirits Subtype
AL (Alabama)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping 
AL (Alabama)
1/1/2017Both0.50%V - 100.00%N7 Citations
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping 
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2017State-run>14.00%V - 100.00%N4 Citations
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2017License0.00%N - 4.00%V7 Citations
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2017Both>4.00%V - 14.00%V9 Citations
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2017License 
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2017License>5.00%W - 100.00%N2 Citations
ME (Maine)
1/1/2017Mixed/Not Overlapping 
ME (Maine)
1/1/2017License>0.50%V - 7.99%V4 Citations
ME (Maine)
1/1/2017State-run8.00%V - 100.00%N4 Citations
MI (Michigan)
1/1/2017License 
MI (Michigan)
1/1/2017License0.50%V - 100.00%N13 Citations
MS (Mississippi)
1/1/2017License 
MS (Mississippi)
1/1/2017License>4.00%W - 100.00%N2 Citations
MT (Montana)
1/1/2017State-run 
MT (Montana)
1/1/2017State-run>0.50%V - 100.00%N4 Citations
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2017Mixed/Not Overlapping 
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2017License0.50%V - 6.00%V3 Citations
NH (New Hampshire)

"Agency liquor stores" in New Hampshire, like "contract stores" in other jurisdictions, are off-premises retail alcohol outlets operated on behalf of the State under contractual arrangements between the State and private contractors, under a State-run system.

1/1/2017State-run>6.00%V - 100.00%N6 Citations
NC (North Carolina)
1/1/2017State-run 
NC (North Carolina)
1/1/2017State-run0.50%V - 100.00%N3 Citations
OH (Ohio)
1/1/2017Mixed/Not Overlapping 
OH (Ohio)

The retail distribution system for spirit-based beverages containing less than 4 percent ABV is not specifically addressed in Ohio statutes or regulations.

1/1/2017Indeterminate0.50%V - 3.99%V2 Citations
OH (Ohio)
1/1/2017License4.00%V - 21.00%V2 Citations
OH (Ohio)
1/1/2017State-run>21.00%V - 100.00%N4 Citations
OR (Oregon)
1/1/2017State-run 
OR (Oregon)

The retail distribution system for spirit-based beverages containing up to and including 5 percent ABV is not specifically addressed in Oregon statutes or regulations.

1/1/2017Indeterminate>0.50%V - 5.00%V6 Citations
OR (Oregon)
1/1/2017State-run>5.00%V - 100.00%N6 Citations
PA (Pennsylvania)
1/1/2017State-run 
PA (Pennsylvania)
1/1/2017State-run>0.50%V - 100.00%N4 Citations
UT (Utah)
1/1/2017State-run 
UT (Utah)
1/1/2017State-run0.50%V - 100.00%N12 Citations
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2017State-run 
VT (Vermont)

Beginning on May 5th, 2009, Vermont permits licensed manufacturers and rectifiers to sell spirits by the bottle at retail, either on the manufacturer's or rectifier's premises under a manufacturer's or rectifier's license, or at a special event under a special events permit granted by the liquor control board.

1/1/2017State-run>1.00%V - 100.00%N4 Citations
VA (Virginia)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping 
VA (Virginia)
1/1/2017Both0.50%V - 7.50%V3 Citations
VA (Virginia)
1/1/2017State-run>7.50%V - 100.00%N2 Citations
WA (Washington)
1/1/2017License 
WA (Washington)
1/1/2017License>1.00%W - 100.00%N16 Citations
WV (West Virginia)

In 1990, the West Virginia legislature declared its intent to privatize the retail sale of liquor – defined as alcohol, wine, spirits, and any beer greater than 9.60 percent ABW (4.20 percent ABW prior to July 9, 2009) – while retaining control over the distribution of liquor at wholesale. See W. Va. Code § 60-3A-2. This transition is effected by W. Va. Code § 60-3A-3, which states that “[n]otwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, the sale of liquor by retail licensees in accordance with the provisions of this article is lawful,” and that “[u]pon the opening of a retail outlet in any market zone, the State shall, as soon as practicable, discontinue operating any and all State liquor stores and agency stores within the market zone so long as a retail outlet is in operation in the market zone.”

1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping 
WV (West Virginia)

In 1990, the West Virginia legislature declared its intent to privatize the retail sale of liquor – defined as alcohol, wine, spirits, and any beer greater than 9.60 percent ABW (4.20 percent ABW prior to July 9, 2009) – while retaining control over the distribution of liquor at wholesale. See W. Va. Code § 60-3A-2. This transition is effected by W. Va. Code § 60-3A-3, which states that “[n]otwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, the sale of liquor by retail licensees in accordance with the provisions of this article is lawful,” and that “[u]pon the opening of a retail outlet in any market zone, the State shall, as soon as practicable, discontinue operating any and all State liquor stores and agency stores within the market zone so long as a retail outlet is in operation in the market zone.”

1/1/2017Both0.00%N - 100.00%N4 Citations
WY (Wyoming)
1/1/2017License 
WY (Wyoming)
1/1/2017License0.50%V - 100.00%N2 Citations