Alcohol Control Systems

Retail Distribution Systems for Wine

Laws addressing retail distribution of wine including State-run, private licensed sellers, or combination systems.

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Jurisdiction
[Limited to states with a state-run-system]
Policies as of Distribution System: Wine Subtype
Alcohol Content Range
V=Alcohol by Volume
W=Alcohol by Weight
N=Measurement Not Specified
Citations
Overall By Wine Subtype
AL (Alabama)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping 
AL (Alabama)
1/1/2017Both0.05%V - 24.00%V3 Citations
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping 
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2017State-run>21.00%V - 100.00%N4 Citations
ID (Idaho)

State liquor stores may sell "table wine" that is manufactured in Idaho. "Table wine" is defined as any "alcoholic beverage containing not more than sixteen percent (16%) alcohol by volume obtained by the fermentation of the natural sugar content of fruits or other agricultural products containing sugar whether or not other ingredients are added." See Idaho Code §§ 23-203 and 23-1303.

1/1/2017License0.00%V - 16.00%V7 Citations
ID (Idaho)

On July 1, 2003, "dessert wine" was added to those wines authorized for sale by a "retail wine license," thus increasing the high end of the alcohol content range from 16 percent to 21 percent ABV.

1/1/2017Both>16.00%V - 21.00%V8 Citations
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2017License 
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2017License>0.50%V - 100.00%N7 Citations
ME (Maine)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping 
ME (Maine)
1/1/2017Both>0.50%V - 24.00%V5 Citations
ME (Maine)

State liquor stores can sell "fortified wines" to be consumed off the premises.

1/1/2017State-run>24.00%V - 100.00%N4 Citations
MI (Michigan)
1/1/2017License 
MI (Michigan)
1/1/2017License0.50%V - 100.00%N8 Citations
MS (Mississippi)
1/1/2017License 
MS (Mississippi)
1/1/2017License0.00%N - 100.00%N8 Citations
MT (Montana)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping 
MT (Montana)
1/1/2017Both>0.50%V - 16.00%V7 Citations
MT (Montana)
1/1/2017State-run>16.00%V - 24.00%V5 Citations
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping 
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2017License0.50%V - 6.00%V4 Citations
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2017Both>6.00%V - 24.00%V9 Citations
NC (North Carolina)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping 
NC (North Carolina)

Effective October 1, 2004, N.C. Gen. Stat. § 18B-101 was amended to redefine the alcohol content of unfortified wine from 0.50 percent ABV - 100.00 percent (undefined) to 0.50 percent ABV - 16.00 percent ABV, and the alcohol content of fortified wine was redefined from 0.50 percent ABV - 24.00 percent ABV to >16 percent ABV - 24.00 percent ABV.

1/1/2017License0.50%V - 16.00%V4 Citations
NC (North Carolina)

Effective October 1, 2004, N.C. Gen. Stat. § 18B-101 was amended to redefine the alcohol content of unfortified wine from 0.50 percent ABV - 100.00 percent (undefined) to 0.50 percent ABV - 16.00 percent ABV, and the alcohol content of fortified wine was redefined from 0.50 percent ABV - 24.00 percent ABV to >16 percent ABV - 24.00 percent ABV. In addition, N.C. Gen. Stat. § 18B-800 was amended to provide that “ABC stores may also sell wine products, irrespective of alcohol content by volume, which were classified as fortified wine by the ABC Commission prior to July 7, 2004.”

1/1/2017Both>16.00%V - 24.00%V6 Citations
OH (Ohio)
1/1/2017License 
OH (Ohio)
1/1/2017License0.50%V - 21.00%V4 Citations
OR (Oregon)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping 
OR (Oregon)
1/1/2017License>0.50%V - 5.00%V2 Citations
OR (Oregon)
1/1/2017Both>5.00%V - 21.00%V7 Citations
PA (Pennsylvania)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping 
PA (Pennsylvania)
1/1/2017Both>0.50%V - 24.00%N6 Citations
UT (Utah)
1/1/2017State-run 
UT (Utah)
1/1/2017State-run0.50%V - 100.00%N12 Citations
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping 
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2017License1.00%V - 16.00%V2 Citations
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2017Both16.00%V - 23.00%V3 Citations
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2017State-run>23.00%V - 100.00%N4 Citations
VA (Virginia)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping 
VA (Virginia)
1/1/2017License>18.00%V - 21.00%V3 Citations
VA (Virginia)

State stores, referred to as "government stores" in Virginia, may sell wine produced by Virginia farm wineries. Other wines from 0.5 percent ABV to and including 18 percent ABV are distributed by license.

1/1/2017Both0.50%V - 18.00%V4 Citations
WA (Washington)
1/1/2017License 
WA (Washington)
1/1/2017License0.50%V - 100.00%N11 Citations
WV (West Virginia)

In 1990, the West Virginia legislature declared its intent to privatize the retail sale of liquor – defined as alcohol, wine, spirits, and any beer greater than 9.60 percent ABW (4.20 percent ABW prior to July 9, 2009) – while retaining control over the distribution of liquor at wholesale. See W. Va. Code § 60-3A-2. This transition is effected by W. Va. Code § 60-3A-3, which states that “[n]otwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, the sale of liquor by retail licensees in accordance with the provisions of this article is lawful,” and that “[u]pon the opening of a retail outlet in any market zone, the State shall, as soon as practicable, discontinue operating any and all State liquor stores and agency stores within the market zone so long as a retail outlet is in operation in the market zone.”

1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping 
WV (West Virginia)

In 1990, the West Virginia legislature declared its intent to privatize the retail sale of liquor – defined as alcohol, wine, spirits, and any beer greater than 9.60 percent ABW (4.20 percent ABW prior to July 9, 2009) – while retaining control over the distribution of liquor at wholesale. See W. Va. Code § 60-3A-2. This transition is effected by W. Va. Code § 60-3A-3, which states that “[n]otwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, the sale of liquor by retail licensees in accordance with the provisions of this article is lawful,” and that “[u]pon the opening of a retail outlet in any market zone, the State shall, as soon as practicable, discontinue operating any and all State liquor stores and agency stores within the market zone so long as a retail outlet is in operation in the market zone.”

1/1/2017Both0.50%V - 100.00%N9 Citations
WY (Wyoming)
1/1/2017License 
WY (Wyoming)
1/1/2017License0.50%V - 100.00%N2 Citations