Alcohol Control Systems

Retail Distribution Systems for Wine

Laws addressing retail distribution of wine including State-run, private licensed sellers, or combination systems.

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Jurisdiction
[Limited to states with a state-run-system]
Policies as of Distribution System: Wine Subtype
Alcohol Content Range
V=Alcohol by Volume
W=Alcohol by Weight
N=Measurement Not Specified
Citations
Overall By Wine Subtype
AL (Alabama)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping No Law
AL (Alabama)
1/1/2017Both0.05%V - 24%V3 Citations
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2017State-run>21.00%V - 100%N4 Citations
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping No Law
ID (Idaho)

On July 1, 2003, "dessert wine" was added to those wines authorized for sale by a "retail wine license," thus increasing the high end of the alcohol content range from 16 percent to 21 percent ABV.

1/1/2017Both>16.00%V - 21%V8 Citations
ID (Idaho)

State liquor stores may sell "table wine" that is manufactured in Idaho. "Table wine" is defined as any "alcoholic beverage containing not more than sixteen percent (16%) alcohol by volume obtained by the fermentation of the natural sugar content of fruits or other agricultural products containing sugar whether or not other ingredients are added." See Idaho Code §§ 23-203 and 23-1303.

1/1/2017License 7 Citations
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2017License>0.50%V - 100%N7 Citations
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2017License No Law
ME (Maine)

State liquor stores can sell "fortified wines" to be consumed off the premises.

1/1/2017State-run>24.00%V - 100%N4 Citations
ME (Maine)
1/1/2017Both>0.50%V - 24%V5 Citations
ME (Maine)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping No Law
MI (Michigan)
1/1/2017License0.5%V - 100%N8 Citations
MI (Michigan)
1/1/2017License No Law
MS (Mississippi)
1/1/2017License 8 Citations
MS (Mississippi)
1/1/2017License No Law
MT (Montana)
1/1/2017Both>0.50%V - 16%V7 Citations
MT (Montana)
1/1/2017State-run>16.00%V - 24%V5 Citations
MT (Montana)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping No Law
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2017Both>6.00%V - 24%V9 Citations
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2017License0.5%V - 6%V4 Citations
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping No Law
NC (North Carolina)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping No Law
NC (North Carolina)

Effective October 1, 2004, N.C. Gen. Stat. § 18B-101 was amended to redefine the alcohol content of unfortified wine from 0.50 percent ABV - 100.00 percent (undefined) to 0.50 percent ABV - 16.00 percent ABV, and the alcohol content of fortified wine was redefined from 0.50 percent ABV - 24.00 percent ABV to >16 percent ABV - 24.00 percent ABV. In addition, N.C. Gen. Stat. § 18B-800 was amended to provide that “ABC stores may also sell wine products, irrespective of alcohol content by volume, which were classified as fortified wine by the ABC Commission prior to July 7, 2004.”

1/1/2017Both>16.00%V - 24%V6 Citations
NC (North Carolina)

Effective October 1, 2004, N.C. Gen. Stat. § 18B-101 was amended to redefine the alcohol content of unfortified wine from 0.50 percent ABV - 100.00 percent (undefined) to 0.50 percent ABV - 16.00 percent ABV, and the alcohol content of fortified wine was redefined from 0.50 percent ABV - 24.00 percent ABV to >16 percent ABV - 24.00 percent ABV.

1/1/2017License0.5%V - 16%V4 Citations
OH (Ohio)
1/1/2017License0.5%V - 21%V4 Citations
OH (Ohio)
1/1/2017License No Law
OR (Oregon)
1/1/2017License>0.50%V - 5%V2 Citations
OR (Oregon)
1/1/2017Both>5.00%V - 21%V7 Citations
OR (Oregon)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping No Law
PA (Pennsylvania)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping No Law
PA (Pennsylvania)
1/1/2017Both>0.50%V - 24%N6 Citations
UT (Utah)
1/1/2017State-run No Law
UT (Utah)
1/1/2017State-run0.5%V - 100%N12 Citations
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2017License>0%V - 16%V2 Citations
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping No Law
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2017Both16%V - 23%V3 Citations
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2017State-run>23.00%V - 100%N4 Citations
VA (Virginia)
1/1/2017License>18.00%V - 21%V3 Citations
VA (Virginia)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping No Law
VA (Virginia)

State stores, referred to as "government stores" in Virginia, may sell wine produced by Virginia farm wineries. Other wines from 0.5 percent ABV to and including 18 percent ABV are distributed by license.

1/1/2017Both0.5%V - 18%V4 Citations
WA (Washington)
1/1/2017License0.5%V - 100%N11 Citations
WA (Washington)
1/1/2017License No Law
WV (West Virginia)

In 1990, the West Virginia legislature declared its intent to privatize the retail sale of liquor – defined as alcohol, wine, spirits, and any beer greater than 9.60 percent ABW (4.20 percent ABW prior to July 9, 2009) – while retaining control over the distribution of liquor at wholesale. See W. Va. Code § 60-3A-2. This transition is effected by W. Va. Code § 60-3A-3, which states that “[n]otwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, the sale of liquor by retail licensees in accordance with the provisions of this article is lawful,” and that “[u]pon the opening of a retail outlet in any market zone, the State shall, as soon as practicable, discontinue operating any and all State liquor stores and agency stores within the market zone so long as a retail outlet is in operation in the market zone.”

1/1/2017Both0.5%V - 100%N9 Citations
WV (West Virginia)

In 1990, the West Virginia legislature declared its intent to privatize the retail sale of liquor – defined as alcohol, wine, spirits, and any beer greater than 9.60 percent ABW (4.20 percent ABW prior to July 9, 2009) – while retaining control over the distribution of liquor at wholesale. See W. Va. Code § 60-3A-2. This transition is effected by W. Va. Code § 60-3A-3, which states that “[n]otwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, the sale of liquor by retail licensees in accordance with the provisions of this article is lawful,” and that “[u]pon the opening of a retail outlet in any market zone, the State shall, as soon as practicable, discontinue operating any and all State liquor stores and agency stores within the market zone so long as a retail outlet is in operation in the market zone.”

1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping No Law
WY (Wyoming)
1/1/2017License0.5%V - 100%N2 Citations
WY (Wyoming)
1/1/2017License No Law