Alcohol Control Systems

Retail Distribution Systems for Wine

Laws addressing retail distribution of wine including State-run, private licensed sellers, or combination systems.

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Changes Over Time for Retail Distribution Systems for Wine
Jurisdiction
[Limited to states with a state-run-system]
Date Range Distribution System: Wine Subtype
Alcohol Content Range
V=Alcohol by Volume
W=Alcohol by Weight
N=Measurement Not Specified
Citations
Overall By Wine Subtype
Alabama (964)
1/1/1998 - 5/3/1998License0.50%V - 14.00%V3 Citations
Alabama (965)
1/1/1998 - 5/3/1998State-run>14.00%V - 24.00%V1 Citations
Alabama (968)
1/1/1998 - 2/19/2004Mixed/Not Overlapping
Alabama (963)
5/4/1998 - 2/19/2004License0.50%V - 14.90%V5 Citations
Alabama (941)
5/4/1998 - 7/31/2009State-run>14.90%V - 24.00%V3 Citations
Alabama (966)
2/20/2004 - 1/1/2019Mixed/Overlapping
Alabama (957)
2/20/2004 - 7/31/2009Both0.50%V - 14.90%V5 Citations
Alabama (958)
8/1/2009 - 6/30/2010Both0.50%V - 16.50%V7 Citations
Alabama (969)
8/1/2009 - 6/30/2010State-run>16.50%V - 24.00%V3 Citations
Alabama (959)
7/1/2010 - 1/1/2019Both0.05%V - 24.00%V3 Citations
Idaho (974)
1/1/1998 - 6/30/2003License0.00%N - 4.00%W3 Citations
Idaho (976)
1/1/1998 - 6/30/2003Both>4.00%W - 16.00%V7 Citations
Idaho (975)
1/1/1998 - 6/30/2003State-run>16.00%V - 100.00%N4 Citations
Idaho (973)
7/1/2003 - 6/30/2011License0.00%N - 4.00%W5 Citations
Idaho (952)

On July 1, 2003, "dessert wine" was added to those wines authorized for sale by a "retail wine license," thus increasing the high end of the alcohol content range from 16 percent to 21 percent ABV.

7/1/2003 - 6/30/2011Both>4.00%W - 21.00%V9 Citations
Idaho (981)
7/1/2003 - 3/19/2017State-run>21.00%V - 100.00%N4 Citations
Idaho (960)

State liquor stores may sell "table wine" that is manufactured in Idaho. "Table wine" is defined as any "alcoholic beverage containing not more than sixteen percent (16%) alcohol by volume obtained by the fermentation of the natural sugar content of fruits or other agricultural products containing sugar whether or not other ingredients are added." See Idaho Code §§ 23-203 and 23-1303.

7/1/2011 - 1/1/2019License0.00%V - 16.00%V7 Citations
Idaho (982)

On July 1, 2003, "dessert wine" was added to those wines authorized for sale by a "retail wine license," thus increasing the high end of the alcohol content range from 16 percent to 21 percent ABV.

7/1/2011 - 3/19/2017Both>16.00%V - 21.00%V8 Citations
Idaho (979)
3/20/2017 - 1/1/2019Both>16.00%V - 24.00%V7 Citations
Idaho (980)
3/20/2017 - 1/1/2019State-run>24.00%V - 100.00%N4 Citations
North Carolina (1004)
1/1/1998 - 9/30/2004Both0.50%V - 24.00%V3 Citations
North Carolina (1001)
1/1/1998 - 9/30/2004License>24.00%V - 100.00%N2 Citations
North Carolina (1000)

Effective October 1, 2004, N.C. Gen. Stat. § 18B-101 was amended to redefine the alcohol content of unfortified wine from 0.50 percent ABV - 100.00 percent (undefined) to 0.50 percent ABV - 16.00 percent ABV, and the alcohol content of fortified wine was redefined from 0.50 percent ABV - 24.00 percent ABV to >16 percent ABV - 24.00 percent ABV.

10/1/2004 - 1/1/2019License0.50%V - 16.00%V4 Citations
North Carolina (948)

Effective October 1, 2004, N.C. Gen. Stat. § 18B-101 was amended to redefine the alcohol content of unfortified wine from 0.50 percent ABV - 100.00 percent (undefined) to 0.50 percent ABV - 16.00 percent ABV, and the alcohol content of fortified wine was redefined from 0.50 percent ABV - 24.00 percent ABV to >16 percent ABV - 24.00 percent ABV. In addition, N.C. Gen. Stat. § 18B-800 was amended to provide that “ABC stores may also sell wine products, irrespective of alcohol content by volume, which were classified as fortified wine by the ABC Commission prior to July 7, 2004.”

10/1/2004 - 1/1/2019Both>16.00%V - 24.00%V6 Citations
Pennsylvania (1018)
1/1/1998 - 2/6/2005State-run>0.50%V - 100.00%N3 Citations
Pennsylvania (1020)
1/1/1998 - 8/7/2016State-run
Pennsylvania (950)
2/7/2005 - 8/7/2016State-run>0.50%V - 24.00%N5 Citations
Pennsylvania (1019)
8/8/2016 - 1/1/2019Mixed/Overlapping
Pennsylvania (962)
8/8/2016 - 1/1/2019Both>0.50%V - 24.00%N6 Citations
Utah (1021)
1/1/1998 - 5/4/2008State-run>0.50%V - 100.00%N8 Citations
Utah (951)
5/5/2008 - 1/1/2019State-run0.50%V - 100.00%N12 Citations
Vermont (1032)
1/1/1998 - 12/31/2015Mixed/Not Overlapping
Vermont (1031)

Between May 5, 2009 and May 11, 2010, Vermont permitted manufacturers or rectifiers holding a fourth class license to sell, by the bottle, fortified wines and vinous beverages produced by the manufacturer or rectifier. The alcohol content of fortified wines was not defined during this period.

1/1/1998 - 12/31/2015License1.00%V - 16.00%V2 Citations
Vermont (1030)
1/1/1998 - 12/31/2015State-run>16.00%V - 100.00%N4 Citations
Vermont (1033)
1/1/2016 - 1/1/2019Mixed/Overlapping
Vermont (1029)
1/1/2016 - 1/1/2019License1.00%V - 16.00%V2 Citations
Vermont (961)
1/1/2016 - 1/1/2019Both16.00%V - 23.00%V3 Citations
Vermont (1034)
1/1/2016 - 1/1/2019State-run>23.00%V - 100.00%N4 Citations
Virginia (1026)

State stores, referred to as "government stores" in Virginia, may sell wine produced by Virginia farm wineries. Other wines from 0.5 percent ABV to and including 14 percent ABV are distributed by license.

1/1/1998 - 4/18/2000Both0.50%V - 14.00%V2 Citations
Virginia (944)

State stores, referred to as "government stores" in Virginia, may sell wine produced by Virginia farm wineries. Other wines from 0.5 percent ABV to and including 18 percent ABV are distributed by license.

4/19/2000 - 1/1/2019Both0.50%V - 18.00%V4 Citations
Washington (1041)
1/1/1998 - 12/7/2011Mixed/Overlapping
Washington (1038)
1/1/1998 - 12/7/2011License0.50%V - 1.00%W2 Citations
Washington (1040)
1/1/1998 - 12/7/2011Both>1.00%W - 24.00%V5 Citations
Washington (1037)
1/1/1998 - 12/7/2011State-run>24.00%V - 100.00%N4 Citations
Washington (955)
12/8/2011 - 1/1/2019License
Washington (1035)
12/8/2011 - 1/1/2019License0.50%V - 100.00%N12 Citations