Pregnancy and Alcohol

Warning Signs: Drinking During Pregnancy

Laws that require warning signs be posted in settings where alcoholic beverages are sold and health care facilities where pregnant women receive treatment.

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Jurisdiction Policies as of Required to Post
Retail
Required to Post
Health Care Providers
Displays
Requirements
Display Requirements
Neutrality
Citations
On-Sale Off-Sale Physicians Others Language
Other Than
English
Race,
Culture
Gender
AL (Alabama)
1/1/2018       
AK (Alaska)
1/1/2018YesYes     2 Citations
AZ (Arizona)
1/1/2018YesYes     2 Citations
AR (Arkansas)
1/1/2018       
CA (California)

In addition to requiring retailers to post warnings about the reproductive toxicity of alcoholic beverages, California law specifies that manufacturers must label their products with a warning about the products’ reproductive toxicity or otherwise provide a warning to the person to whom the products are sold or transferred.

1/1/2018YesYes     3 Citations
CO (Colorado)
1/1/2018       
CT (Connecticut)
1/1/2018       
DE (Delaware)

Delaware’s posting provision for persons within the jurisdiction of the Director of the Division of Public Health reads, “The Director of the Division of Public Health shall require any and all persons under its jurisdiction who treat, advise or counsel pregnant women to post and give written and verbal warnings to said pregnant women as to the possible problems, complications and injuries which may result to themselves and/or to the fetus from their consumption or use of alcohol...”

1/1/2018YesYesYesYes   9 Citations
DC (District of Columbia)
1/1/2018YesYes     4 Citations
FL (Florida)
1/1/2018       
GA (Georgia)

In addition to requiring on-sale retailers to display a pregnancy warning sign, Georgia law specifies that "retail dealers selling beverage alcohol in the unbroken package for consumption off the premises may display the warning sign."

1/1/2018Yes      3 Citations
HI (Hawaii)
1/1/2018       
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2018       
IL (Illinois)
1/1/2018YesYes     1 Citations
IN (Indiana)
1/1/2018       
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2018       
KS (Kansas)
1/1/2018       
KY (Kentucky)
1/1/2018YesYesYes   Yes3 Citations
LA (Louisiana)
1/1/2018       
ME (Maine)
1/1/2018       
MD (Maryland)
1/1/2018       
MA (Massachusetts)
1/1/2018       
MI (Michigan)
1/1/2018       
MN (Minnesota)
1/1/2018YesYes     3 Citations
MS (Mississippi)
1/1/2018       
MO (Missouri)
1/1/2018YesYes     1 Citations
MT (Montana)
1/1/2018       
NE (Nebraska)
1/1/2018YesYes     3 Citations
NV (Nevada)

Nevada’s posting provision requires that the warning signs be posted in a location conspicuous to the patrons of the establishment. The conspicuous location may include, without limitation, a women's restroom that is located within the establishment. Establishments are not required to post warning signs if they provide their patrons with a menu containing a notice, in boldface type that is clearly legible and not less than the size of the type used for the items on the menu, in substantially the same form and language as the warning signs otherwise required. Nevada’s posting provision also requires that the warning be in both English and Spanish.

1/1/2018Yes   Yes  2 Citations
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2018YesYes     2 Citations
NJ (New Jersey)

In New Jersey, signs must be placed "prominently in any service area as well as on a wall, towel dispenser or other appropriate location in any public rest room for women patrons on the licensed premises.”

1/1/2018YesYes     2 Citations
NM (New Mexico)

New Mexico's posting provision requires its signs in conspicuous places in both English and Spanish.

1/1/2018YesYes  Yes  6 Citations
NY (New York)
1/1/2018YesYes     1 Citations
NC (North Carolina)

North Carolina's posting provision applies only to off-premises ABC stores, and requires that warning signs contain a graphic depiction of the message to assist nonreaders in understanding the message. The provision requires that “the depiction of a pregnant female shall be universal and shall not reflect a specific race or culture.” The provision also requires that warning signs be in both English and Spanish.

1/1/2018 Yes  YesYes 3 Citations
ND (North Dakota)
1/1/2018       
OH (Ohio)
1/1/2018       
OK (Oklahoma)
1/1/2018       
OR (Oregon)

Oregon's posting provision requires that warning signs contain a graphic depiction of the message to assist nonreaders in understanding the message. The provision requires that “the depiction of a pregnant female shall be universal and shall not reflect a specific race or culture.” The provision also requires that warning signs be in both English and the primary language or languages of a retailer’s patrons, if a significant number of the patrons use a language other than English as a primary language.

1/1/2018YesYes  YesYes 1 Citations
PA (Pennsylvania)
1/1/2018       
RI (Rhode Island)
1/1/2018       
SC (South Carolina)
1/1/2018       
SD (South Dakota)
1/1/2018YesYes     3 Citations
TN (Tennessee)
1/1/2018YesYes     1 Citations
TX (Texas)
1/1/2018Yes   Yes  4 Citations
UT (Utah)
1/1/2018YesYes     7 Citations
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2018       
VA (Virginia)
1/1/2018       
WA (Washington)

In Washington, premises that serve alcohol for on-premises consumption are required to post warning signs “in plain view at the main entrance to the liquor licensed portion of the establishment, and in the women's public restrooms closest to the licensed area.”

1/1/2018YesYes     3 Citations
WV (West Virginia)
1/1/2018YesYes     1 Citations
WI (Wisconsin)
1/1/2018       
WY (Wyoming)
1/1/2018       
US ( United States)
1/1/2018