Pregnancy and Alcohol

Warning Signs: Drinking During Pregnancy

Laws that require warning signs be posted in settings where alcoholic beverages are sold and health care facilities where pregnant women receive treatment.

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Changes Over Time for Warning Signs: Drinking During Pregnancy
Jurisdiction Date Range Required to Post
Retail
Required to Post
Health Care Providers
Displays
Requirements
Display Requirements
Neutrality
Citations
On-Sale Off-Sale Physicians Others Language
Other Than
English
Race,
Culture
Gender
Alaska (4525)
1/1/1968 - 8/29/1989       
Alaska (2410)
8/30/1989 - 1/1/2020YesYes     2 Citations
Arizona (4529)
1/1/1968 - 12/31/1991       
Arizona (2411)
1/1/1992 - 1/1/2020YesYes     2 Citations
Arkansas (2412)
1/1/1968 - 7/23/2019       
Arkansas (5085)
7/24/2019 - 1/1/2020YesYes  Yes  3 Citations
California (4531)
1/1/1968 - 11/6/1988       
California (2413)

In addition to requiring retailers to post warnings about the reproductive toxicity of alcoholic beverages, California law specifies that manufacturers must label their products with a warning about the products’ reproductive toxicity or otherwise provide a warning to the person to whom the products are sold or transferred.

11/7/1988 - 1/1/2020YesYes     3 Citations
Delaware (4538)
1/1/1968 - 12/31/1989       
Delaware (4537)
1/1/1990 - 6/30/1991YesYes     
Delaware (2416)

Delaware’s posting provision for persons within the jurisdiction of the Director of the Division of Public Health reads, “The Director of the Division of Public Health shall require any and all persons under its jurisdiction who treat, advise or counsel pregnant women to post and give written and verbal warnings to said pregnant women as to the possible problems, complications and injuries which may result to themselves and/or to the fetus from their consumption or use of alcohol...”

7/1/1991 - 1/1/2020YesYesYesYes   9 Citations
District of Columbia (4535)
1/1/1968 - 11/18/1985       
District of Columbia (2417)
11/19/1985 - 1/1/2020YesYes     4 Citations
Georgia (4541)
1/1/1968 - 6/30/1986       
Georgia (2418)

In addition to requiring on-sale retailers to display a pregnancy warning sign, Georgia law specifies that "retail dealers selling beverage alcohol in the unbroken package for consumption off the premises may display the warning sign."

7/1/1986 - 1/1/2020Yes      3 Citations
Illinois (4546)
1/1/1968 - 12/31/1989       
Illinois (2419)
1/1/1990 - 1/1/2020YesYes     1 Citations
Kentucky (4550)
1/1/1968 - 7/13/1992       
Kentucky (2420)
7/14/1992 - 1/1/2020YesYesYes   Yes3 Citations
Minnesota (4557)
1/1/1968 - 4/1/1996       
Minnesota (2447)
4/2/1996 - 1/1/2020YesYes     3 Citations
Missouri (4559)
1/1/1968 - 8/27/2001       
Missouri (2448)
8/28/2001 - 1/1/2020YesYes     1 Citations
Nebraska (4566)
1/1/1968 - 2/16/1990       
Nebraska (2449)
2/17/1990 - 1/1/2020YesYes     3 Citations
Nevada (2495)
1/1/1968 - 9/30/2003       
Nevada (2434)

Nevada’s posting provision requires that the warning signs be posted in a location conspicuous to the patrons of the establishment. The conspicuous location may include, without limitation, a women's restroom that is located within the establishment. Establishments are not required to post warning signs if they provide their patrons with a menu containing a notice, in boldface type that is clearly legible and not less than the size of the type used for the items on the menu, in substantially the same form and language as the warning signs otherwise required. Nevada’s posting provision also requires that the warning be in both English and Spanish.

10/1/2003 - 1/1/2020Yes   Yes  2 Citations
New Hampshire (4568)
1/1/1968 - 8/18/1991       
New Hampshire (2450)
8/19/1991 - 1/1/2020YesYes     2 Citations
New Jersey (4570)
1/1/1968 - 8/31/1993       
New Jersey (2451)

In New Jersey, signs must be placed "prominently in any service area as well as on a wall, towel dispenser or other appropriate location in any public rest room for women patrons on the licensed premises.”

9/1/1993 - 1/1/2020YesYes     2 Citations
New Mexico (4572)
1/1/1968 - 6/13/1991       
New Mexico (2452)

New Mexico's posting provision requires its signs in conspicuous places in both English and Spanish.

6/14/1991 - 1/1/2020YesYes  Yes  6 Citations
New York (4576)
1/1/1968 - 3/31/1992       
New York (2453)
4/1/1992 - 1/1/2020YesYes     1 Citations
North Carolina (2489)
1/1/1968 - 7/19/2003       
North Carolina (2435)

North Carolina's posting provision applies only to off-premises ABC stores, and requires that warning signs contain a graphic depiction of the message to assist nonreaders in understanding the message. The provision requires that “the depiction of a pregnant female shall be universal and shall not reflect a specific race or culture.” The provision also requires that warning signs be in both English and Spanish.

7/20/2003 - 1/1/2020 Yes  YesYes 3 Citations
Oregon (4580)
1/1/1968 - 12/31/1991       
Oregon (2454)

Oregon's posting provision requires that warning signs contain a graphic depiction of the message to assist nonreaders in understanding the message. The provision requires that “the depiction of a pregnant female shall be universal and shall not reflect a specific race or culture.” The provision also requires that warning signs be in both English and the primary language or languages of a retailer’s patrons, if a significant number of the patrons use a language other than English as a primary language.

1/1/1992 - 1/1/2020YesYes  YesYes 1 Citations
South Dakota (4585)
1/1/1968 - 6/30/1986       
South Dakota (2455)
7/1/1986 - 1/1/2020YesYes     3 Citations
Tennessee (4587)
1/1/1968 - 6/30/1997       
Tennessee (2456)
7/1/1997 - 1/1/2020YesYes     1 Citations
Texas (2505)
1/1/1968 - 8/31/2007       
Texas (2442)
9/1/2007 - 2/18/2008Yes      3 Citations
Texas (2460)
2/19/2008 - 1/1/2020Yes   Yes  4 Citations
Utah (2506)
1/1/1968 - 6/30/2010       
Utah (2459)
7/1/2010 - 1/1/2020YesYes     7 Citations
Washington (4596)
1/1/1968 - 8/3/1993       
Washington (2457)

In Washington, premises that serve alcohol for on-premises consumption are required to post warning signs “in plain view at the main entrance to the liquor licensed portion of the establishment, and in the women's public restrooms closest to the licensed area.”

8/4/1993 - 1/1/2020YesYes     3 Citations
West Virginia (4599)
1/1/1968 - 6/30/1998       
West Virginia (2458)
7/1/1998 - 1/1/2020YesYes     1 Citations