Alcohol Control Systems

Wholesale Distribution Systems for Wine

Laws addressing wholesale distribution of wine including State-run, private licensed sellers, or combination systems.

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Jurisdiction
[Limited to states with a state-run-system]
Policies as of Distribution System: Wine Subtype
Alcohol Content Range
V=Alcohol by Volume
W=Alcohol by Weight
N=Measurement Not Specified
Citations
Overall By Wine Subtype
AL (Alabama)
1/1/2017License0.5%V - 24%V6 Citations
AL (Alabama)
1/1/2017License No Law
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2017State-run>21.00%V - 100%N4 Citations
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping No Law
ID (Idaho)

The storage and distribution of "table wine" that is manufactured in Idaho may continue via the state system. "Table wine" is defined as any "alcoholic beverage containing not more than sixteen percent (16%) alcohol by volume obtained by the fermentation of the natural sugar content of fruits or other agricultural products containing sugar whether or not other ingredients are added." See Idaho Code §§ 23-203 and 23-1303.

On July 1, 2003, "dessert wine" was added to those wines authorized for distribution by a "wine distributor's license," thus increasing the high end of the alcohol content range from 16 percent to 21 percent ABV.

1/1/2017Both>16.00%V - 21%V10 Citations
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2017License 9 Citations
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2017License>0.50%V - 17%W7 Citations
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2017State-run>17.00%W - 100%N5 Citations
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2017Mixed/Not Overlapping No Law
ME (Maine)
1/1/2017Both>0.50%V - 24%V6 Citations
ME (Maine)
1/1/2017State-run>24.00%V - 100%N4 Citations
ME (Maine)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping No Law
MI (Michigan)
1/1/2017License0.5%V - 21%V9 Citations
MI (Michigan)
1/1/2017State-run>21.00%V - 100%N9 Citations
MI (Michigan)
1/1/2017Mixed/Not Overlapping No Law
MS (Mississippi)

Beginning July 1, 2006, native wineries are authorized to make sales to retailers only if those retailers are located outside the State of Mississippi. Prior to July 1, 2006, native wineries were authorized to make sales to retail permittees in Mississippi as well as retailers located outside of Mississippi.

The State Tax Commission in Mississippi has the authority to promulgate rules and regulations authorizing on- premises retailers to purchase limited amounts of alcoholic beverages from package retailers and for package retailers to purchase limited amounts of alcoholic beverages from other package retailers. See Miss. Code Ann. § 67-1-41(4).

1/1/2017State-run 11 Citations
MS (Mississippi)

The State Tax Commission in Mississippi has the authority to promulgate rules and regulations authorizing on- premises retailers to purchase limited amounts of alcoholic beverages from package retailers and for package retailers to purchase limited amounts of alcoholic beverages from other package retailers. See Miss. Code Ann. § 67-1-41(4).

1/1/2017State-run No Law
MT (Montana)
1/1/2017State-run>16.00%V - 24%V3 Citations
MT (Montana)
1/1/2017License>0.50%V - 16%V4 Citations
MT (Montana)
1/1/2017Mixed/Not Overlapping No Law
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2017License0.5%V - 6%V3 Citations
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2017State-run>6.00%V - 24%V4 Citations
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2017Mixed/Not Overlapping No Law
NC (North Carolina)
1/1/2017License No Law
NC (North Carolina)

Pursuant to N.C. Admin. Code tit. 4, r. 2R.1402, local boards are required to purchase fortified wine only from North Carolina wholesalers who have been issued a wine wholesaler permit.

1/1/2017License0.5%V - 24%V6 Citations
OH (Ohio)
1/1/2017License0.5%V - 21%V5 Citations
OH (Ohio)
1/1/2017License No Law
OR (Oregon)
1/1/2017License>0.50%V - 5%V2 Citations
OR (Oregon)

Although wine in Oregon is defined as containing not more than 21 percent ABV, and as including fortified wine, Or. Rev. Stat. § 471.235 authorizes "the importation and sale to the commission and the export of wine of alcoholic content in excess of 21 percent alcohol by volume" by wholesale wine licensees.

1/1/2017Both>5.00%V - 21%V7 Citations
OR (Oregon)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping No Law
PA (Pennsylvania)
1/1/2017State-run No Law
PA (Pennsylvania)
1/1/2017State-run>0.50%V - 24%N5 Citations
UT (Utah)
1/1/2017State-run No Law
UT (Utah)
1/1/2017State-run0.5%V - 100%N8 Citations
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2017State-run>16.00%V - 100%N4 Citations
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2017License>0%V - 16%V3 Citations
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2017Mixed/Not Overlapping No Law
VA (Virginia)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping No Law
VA (Virginia)

Effective April 4, 2007, Virginia authorizes a “nonprofit, nonstock corporation” organized under Virginia Code Title 13.1, Chapter 10, to provide wholesale wine distribution services for “licensed Virginia wineries and farm wineries.” This “nonprofit, nonstock corporation” is “a public instrumentality exercising public and essential governmental functions.” See Va. Code Ann. §§ 3.2-102(B)(5), 4.1-207(2), 4.1-207.1. Other wines from 0.5 percent ABV to and including 21 percent ABV are distributed by license.

1/1/2017Both0.5%V - 21%V9 Citations
WA (Washington)
1/1/2017License0.5%V - 100%N18 Citations
WA (Washington)
1/1/2017License No Law
WV (West Virginia)
1/1/2017License0.5%V - 22%V4 Citations
WV (West Virginia)
1/1/2017State-run>22.00%V - 100%N8 Citations
WV (West Virginia)
1/1/2017Mixed/Not Overlapping No Law
WY (Wyoming)
1/1/2017State-run0.5%V - 100%N3 Citations
WY (Wyoming)
1/1/2017State-run No Law