Alcohol Control Systems

Wholesale Distribution Systems for Wine

Laws addressing wholesale distribution of wine including State-run, private licensed sellers, or combination systems.

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Jurisdiction
[Limited to states with a state-run-system]
Policies as of Distribution System: Wine Subtype
Alcohol Content Range
V=Alcohol by Volume
W=Alcohol by Weight
N=Measurement Not Specified
Citations
Overall By Wine Subtype
AL (Alabama)
1/1/2017License 
AL (Alabama)
1/1/2017License0.50%V - 24.00%V6 Citations
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping 
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2017State-run>21.00%V - 100.00%N4 Citations
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2017License0.00%N - 16.00%V9 Citations
ID (Idaho)

The storage and distribution of "table wine" that is manufactured in Idaho may continue via the state system. "Table wine" is defined as any "alcoholic beverage containing not more than sixteen percent (16%) alcohol by volume obtained by the fermentation of the natural sugar content of fruits or other agricultural products containing sugar whether or not other ingredients are added." See Idaho Code §§ 23-203 and 23-1303.

On July 1, 2003, "dessert wine" was added to those wines authorized for distribution by a "wine distributor's license," thus increasing the high end of the alcohol content range from 16 percent to 21 percent ABV.

1/1/2017Both>16.00%V - 21.00%V10 Citations
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2017Mixed/Not Overlapping 
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2017License>0.50%V - 17.00%W7 Citations
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2017State-run>17.00%W - 100.00%N5 Citations
ME (Maine)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping 
ME (Maine)
1/1/2017Both>0.50%V - 24.00%V6 Citations
ME (Maine)
1/1/2017State-run>24.00%V - 100.00%N4 Citations
MI (Michigan)
1/1/2017Mixed/Not Overlapping 
MI (Michigan)
1/1/2017License0.50%V - 21.00%V9 Citations
MI (Michigan)
1/1/2017State-run>21.00%V - 100.00%N9 Citations
MS (Mississippi)

The State Tax Commission in Mississippi has the authority to promulgate rules and regulations authorizing on- premises retailers to purchase limited amounts of alcoholic beverages from package retailers and for package retailers to purchase limited amounts of alcoholic beverages from other package retailers. See Miss. Code Ann. § 67-1-41(4).

1/1/2017State-run 
MS (Mississippi)

Beginning July 1, 2006, native wineries are authorized to make sales to retailers only if those retailers are located outside the State of Mississippi. Prior to July 1, 2006, native wineries were authorized to make sales to retail permittees in Mississippi as well as retailers located outside of Mississippi.

The State Tax Commission in Mississippi has the authority to promulgate rules and regulations authorizing on- premises retailers to purchase limited amounts of alcoholic beverages from package retailers and for package retailers to purchase limited amounts of alcoholic beverages from other package retailers. See Miss. Code Ann. § 67-1-41(4).

1/1/2017State-run0.00%N - 100.00%N11 Citations
MT (Montana)
1/1/2017Mixed/Not Overlapping 
MT (Montana)
1/1/2017License>0.50%V - 16.00%V4 Citations
MT (Montana)
1/1/2017State-run>16.00%V - 24.00%V3 Citations
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2017Mixed/Not Overlapping 
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2017License0.50%V - 6.00%V3 Citations
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2017State-run>6.00%V - 24.00%V4 Citations
NC (North Carolina)
1/1/2017License 
NC (North Carolina)

Pursuant to N.C. Admin. Code tit. 4, r. 2R.1402, local boards are required to purchase fortified wine only from North Carolina wholesalers who have been issued a wine wholesaler permit.

1/1/2017License0.50%V - 24.00%V6 Citations
OH (Ohio)
1/1/2017License 
OH (Ohio)
1/1/2017License0.50%V - 21.00%V5 Citations
OR (Oregon)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping 
OR (Oregon)
1/1/2017License>0.50%V - 5.00%V2 Citations
OR (Oregon)

Although wine in Oregon is defined as containing not more than 21 percent ABV, and as including fortified wine, Or. Rev. Stat. § 471.235 authorizes "the importation and sale to the commission and the export of wine of alcoholic content in excess of 21 percent alcohol by volume" by wholesale wine licensees.

1/1/2017Both>5.00%V - 21.00%V7 Citations
PA (Pennsylvania)
1/1/2017State-run 
PA (Pennsylvania)
1/1/2017State-run>0.50%V - 24.00%N5 Citations
UT (Utah)
1/1/2017State-run 
UT (Utah)
1/1/2017State-run0.50%V - 100.00%N8 Citations
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2017Mixed/Not Overlapping 
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2017License1.00%V - 16.00%V3 Citations
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2017State-run>16.00%V - 100.00%N4 Citations
VA (Virginia)
1/1/2017Mixed/Overlapping 
VA (Virginia)

Effective April 4, 2007, Virginia authorizes a “nonprofit, nonstock corporation” organized under Virginia Code Title 13.1, Chapter 10, to provide wholesale wine distribution services for “licensed Virginia wineries and farm wineries.” This “nonprofit, nonstock corporation” is “a public instrumentality exercising public and essential governmental functions.” See Va. Code Ann. §§ 3.2-102(B)(5), 4.1-207(2), 4.1-207.1. Other wines from 0.5 percent ABV to and including 21 percent ABV are distributed by license.

1/1/2017Both0.50%V - 21.00%V9 Citations
WA (Washington)
1/1/2017License 
WA (Washington)
1/1/2017License0.50%V - 100.00%N18 Citations
WV (West Virginia)
1/1/2017Mixed/Not Overlapping 
WV (West Virginia)
1/1/2017License0.50%V - 22.00%V4 Citations
WV (West Virginia)
1/1/2017State-run>22.00%V - 100.00%N8 Citations
WY (Wyoming)
1/1/2017State-run 
WY (Wyoming)
1/1/2017State-run0.50%V - 100.00%N3 Citations