Alcohol Beverages Pricing

Wholesale Pricing Practices and Restrictions

Laws restricting the wholesale price of alcoholic beverages.

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Jurisdiction Policies as of Beverage Type Control Volume Discounts Minimum Markup Maximum Discount Post and Hold Minimum Hold Period (in days) Retailer Credit Maximum Credit Period (in days) Citations
AL (Alabama)
1/1/2017Beer   No 3 Citations
AL (Alabama)
1/1/2017Wine   No 3 Citations
AL (Alabama)
1/1/2017SpiritsYes   
AK (Alaska)
1/1/2017Beer    
AK (Alaska)
1/1/2017Wine    
AK (Alaska)
1/1/2017Spirits    
AZ (Arizona)
1/1/2017Beer   No 4 Citations
AZ (Arizona)
1/1/2017Wine   No 4 Citations
AZ (Arizona)
1/1/2017Spirits   No 4 Citations
AR (Arkansas)
1/1/2017Beer   No 3 Citations
AR (Arkansas)
1/1/2017Wine   No 3 Citations
AR (Arkansas)
1/1/2017Spirits   No 3 Citations
CA (California)
1/1/2017Beer  Post Yes306 Citations
CA (California)
1/1/2017Wine   Yes306 Citations
CA (California)
1/1/2017Spirits   Yes306 Citations
CO (Colorado)

Beginning on January 1, 2017, a liquor-licensed drugstore shall not purchase alcohol beverages on credit.

Wholesalers may not sell below cost.

1/1/2017Beer Yes Yes306 Citations
CO (Colorado)

Beginning on January 1, 2017, a liquor-licensed drugstore shall not purchase alcohol beverages on credit.

Wholesalers may not sell below cost.

1/1/2017Wine Yes Yes306 Citations
CO (Colorado)

Beginning on January 1, 2017, a liquor-licensed drugstore shall not purchase alcohol beverages on credit.

Wholesalers may not sell below cost.

1/1/2017Spirits Yes Yes306 Citations
CT (Connecticut)

Wholesalers may not sell below cost.

1/1/2017Beer BannedYesPost and Hold30Yes3013 Citations
CT (Connecticut)

Wholesalers may not sell below cost.

1/1/2017Wine BannedYesPost and Hold30Yes3013 Citations
CT (Connecticut)

Wholesalers may not sell below cost.

1/1/2017Spirits BannedYesPost and Hold30Yes3013 Citations
DE (Delaware)

Delaware law states that the Commissioner shall not control or regulate credit transactions to the extent they are permitted by federal law.

1/1/2017Beer  Post Yes 4 Citations
DE (Delaware)

Delaware law states that the Commissioner shall not control or regulate credit transactions to the extent they are permitted by federal law.

1/1/2017Wine  Post Yes 4 Citations
DE (Delaware)

Delaware law states that the Commissioner shall not control or regulate credit transactions to the extent they are permitted by federal law.

1/1/2017Spirits  Post Yes 4 Citations
DC (District of Columbia)
1/1/2017Beer   Yes452 Citations
DC (District of Columbia)
1/1/2017Wine   Yes452 Citations
DC (District of Columbia)
1/1/2017Spirits   Yes452 Citations
FL (Florida)
1/1/2017Beer  Post Yes157 Citations
FL (Florida)
1/1/2017Wine   Yes157 Citations
FL (Florida)
1/1/2017Spirits   Yes157 Citations
GA (Georgia)

With respect to purchases of beer, if retailer owns more than one business and payment is made from a central office, credit may be extended for a period not to exceed five days after delivery and invoice.

1/1/2017Beer  Post and Hold180No 3 Citations
GA (Georgia)
1/1/2017Wine   No 3 Citations
GA (Georgia)
1/1/2017Spirits  Post and Hold14No 3 Citations
HI (Hawaii)
1/1/2017Beer   Yes301 Citations
HI (Hawaii)
1/1/2017Wine   Yes301 Citations
HI (Hawaii)
1/1/2017Spirits   Yes301 Citations
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2017Beer Banned Post and Hold180No 9 Citations
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2017SpiritsYes   
ID (Idaho)
1/1/2017Wine Banned Post and Hold180No 12 Citations
IL (Illinois)
1/1/2017Beer   No 2 Citations
IL (Illinois)
1/1/2017Wine   Yes302 Citations
IL (Illinois)
1/1/2017Spirits   Yes302 Citations
IN (Indiana)

All prices, discounts, or allowances offered by wholesalers shall be disseminated to customers in such a manner and for such a period of time to insure that customers are afforded reasonable opportunity to secure the discount. For dissemination purposes, the customer is anyone the wholesaler had sold alcoholic beverages to within the last 30 days. For purposes of this rule, a reasonable opportunity to secure the discount shall be presumed when offer is extended for not less than 7 days after dissemination of the price list.

1/1/2017Beer  Post and Hold7No 6 Citations
IN (Indiana)

All prices, discounts, or allowances offered by wholesalers shall be disseminated to customers in such a manner and for such a period of time to insure that customers are afforded reasonable opportunity to secure the discount. For dissemination purposes, the customer is anyone the wholesaler had sold alcoholic beverages to within the last 30 days. For purposes of this rule, a reasonable opportunity to secure the discount shall be presumed when offer is extended for not less than 7 days after dissemination of the price list.

1/1/2017Wine  Post and Hold7Yes156 Citations
IN (Indiana)

All prices, discounts, or allowances offered by wholesalers shall be disseminated to customers in such a manner and for such a period of time to insure that customers are afforded reasonable opportunity to secure the discount. For dissemination purposes, the customer is anyone the wholesaler had sold alcoholic beverages to within the last 30 days. For purposes of this rule, a reasonable opportunity to secure the discount shall be presumed when offer is extended for not less than 7 days after dissemination of the price list.

1/1/2017Spirits  Post and Hold7Yes156 Citations
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2017Beer   No 4 Citations
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2017Wine  Post and hold30Yes304 Citations
IA (Iowa)
1/1/2017SpiritsYes   
KS (Kansas)
1/1/2017Beer Banned  No 9 Citations
KS (Kansas)
1/1/2017Wine Banned Post No 9 Citations
KS (Kansas)
1/1/2017Spirits Banned Post No 9 Citations
KY (Kentucky)
1/1/2017Beer   No 2 Citations
KY (Kentucky)
1/1/2017Wine   Yes303 Citations
KY (Kentucky)
1/1/2017Spirits   Yes303 Citations
LA (Louisiana)

The banning of volume discounts has been held to be a valid exercise of the police power of the state to regulate the sale of alcoholic beverages. See Manuel vs. State Office of Alcohol and Tobacco Control, 2007-1620 (La. App. 3 Cir. 4/30/08), 982 So.2d 316, writ denied, 2008-1061 (La. 8/29/08) 989 So.2d 107; La. Atty. Gen. Op. No. 09-0135 (2009).

1/1/2017Beer Banned  No 10 Citations
LA (Louisiana)

The banning of volume discounts has been held to be a valid exercise of the police power of the state to regulate the sale of alcoholic beverages. See Manuel vs. State Office of Alcohol and Tobacco Control, 2007-1620 (La. App. 3 Cir. 4/30/08), 982 So.2d 316, writ denied, 2008-1061 (La. 8/29/08) 989 So.2d 107; La. Atty. Gen. Op. No. 09-0135 (2009).

1/1/2017Wine Banned  Yes 1510 Citations
LA (Louisiana)

The banning of volume discounts has been held to be a valid exercise of the police power of the state to regulate the sale of alcoholic beverages. See Manuel vs. State Office of Alcohol and Tobacco Control, 2007-1620 (La. App. 3 Cir. 4/30/08), 982 So.2d 316, writ denied, 2008-1061 (La. 8/29/08) 989 So.2d 107; La. Atty. Gen. Op. No. 09-0135 (2009).

1/1/2017Spirits Banned  Yes1510 Citations
ME (Maine)
1/1/2017Beer Banned Post and Hold30No  4 Citations
ME (Maine)
1/1/2017WineYes   
ME (Maine)
1/1/2017SpiritsYes   
MD (Maryland)

With respect to purchases of beer, all counties require payment on delivery except Worcester County where 10 days of credit may be extended.

1/1/2017Beer   No 9 Citations
MD (Maryland)

On September 27, 2007, the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland found that Maryland’s wholesaler volume discounting and post-and-hold provisions, considered together, violate the Sherman Act’s ban on price fixing and are not protected by the 21st Amendment. TFWS, Inc. v. Schaefer, 2007 WL 2917025 (D.Md. Sept. 27, 2007). The Federal Court of Appeals (4th Circuit) affirmed. TFWS, Inc. v. Franchot, 572 F.3d 186 (2009).

With respect to purchases of wine and spirits, the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax (MATT) Regulatory Division posts a list of purchase periods and due dates that is accessible only to Maryland wholesalers and retail licensees.

1/1/2017Wine    7 Citations
MD (Maryland)

On September 27, 2007, the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland found that Maryland’s wholesaler volume discounting and post-and-hold provisions, considered together, violate the Sherman Act’s ban on price fixing and are not protected by the 21st Amendment. TFWS, Inc. v. Schaefer, 2007 WL 2917025 (D.Md. Sept. 27, 2007). The Federal Court of Appeals (4th Circuit) affirmed. TFWS, Inc. v. Franchot, 572 F.3d 186 (2009).

With respect to purchases of wine and spirits, the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax (MATT) Regulatory Division posts a list of purchase periods and due dates that is accessible only to Maryland wholesalers and retail licensees.

1/1/2017Spirits    7 Citations
MA (Massachusetts)
1/1/2017Beer  Post and Hold30Yes608 Citations
MA (Massachusetts)
1/1/2017Wine  Post and Hold30Yes608 Citations
MA (Massachusetts)
1/1/2017Spirits  Post and Hold30Yes608 Citations
MI (Michigan)

With respect to wine, prices filed shall not be changed during a quarterly period unless by written order of the commission. Approval for a price change shall not be granted for periods of less than 14 days.

Credit may be extended for a maximum of 30 days for on-sale retailers; no credit may be extended to off-sale retailers.

1/1/2017Wine Banned Post and Hold90Yes309 Citations
MI (Michigan)
1/1/2017SpiritsYes   
MI (Michigan)

With respect to beer, prices may be decreased during the 90 day minimum hold period to meet a competing wholesaler’s price. The price reduction cannnot be greater on a cents-per-case basis than the price reduction filed by the competition and must continue for the balance of the 90 days filed by the competition.

Credit may be extended for a maximum of 30 days for on-sale retailers; no credit may be extended to off-sale retailers.

1/1/2017Beer Banned Post and Hold90Yes3010 Citations
MN (Minnesota)
1/1/2017Beer   No 4 Citations
MN (Minnesota)

For wine, a variable volume price offered by a wholesaler to a retailer may not be for a quantity of more than 25 cases.

1/1/2017Wine Restricted  Yes304 Citations
MN (Minnesota)

For spirits, a variable volume price offered by a wholesaler to a retailer may not be for a quantity of more than 25 cases.

1/1/2017Spirits Restricted  Yes304 Citations
MS (Mississippi)
1/1/2017Beer   No  2 Citations
MS (Mississippi)
1/1/2017WineYes   
MS (Mississippi)
1/1/2017SpiritsYes   
MO (Missouri)

Wholesalers may not sell below cost.

1/1/2017Beer Yes Yes308 Citations
MO (Missouri)

For sales of wine and spirits between January 1, 2003 and August 27, 2009, no discounts in excess of 4% for quantity or 1% for time of payment. After August 27, 2009, no discounts in excess of 1% for quantity or 1% for time of payment.

Wholesalers may not sell below cost.

1/1/2017Wine RestrictedYesPost and Hold30Yes308 Citations
MO (Missouri)

For sales of wine and spirits between January 1, 2003 and August 27, 2009, no discounts in excess of 4% for quantity or 1% for time of payment. After August 27, 2009, no discounts in excess of 1% for quantity or 1% for time of payment.

Wholesalers may not sell below cost.

1/1/2017Spirits RestrictedYesPost and Hold30Yes308 Citations
MT (Montana)
1/1/2017Beer   Yes73 Citations
MT (Montana)
1/1/2017Wine   Yes73 Citations
MT (Montana)
1/1/2017SpiritsYes   
NE (Nebraska)
1/1/2017Beer   No 3 Citations
NE (Nebraska)
1/1/2017Wine   Yes303 Citations
NE (Nebraska)
1/1/2017Spirits   Yes303 Citations
NV (Nevada)
1/1/2017Beer   Yes413 Citations
NV (Nevada)
1/1/2017Wine   Yes413 Citations
NV (Nevada)
1/1/2017Spirits   Yes413 Citations
NH (New Hampshire)

Wholesalers are required to make their current beer prices available to the commission in writing.

1/1/2017Beer  Post Yes106 Citations
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2017WineYes   
NH (New Hampshire)
1/1/2017SpiritsYes   
NJ (New Jersey)

Wholesalers may not sell below cost.

1/1/2017Beer YesPost and Hold30Yes304 Citations
NJ (New Jersey)

Wholesalers may not sell below cost.

1/1/2017Wine YesPost and Hold30Yes304 Citations
NJ (New Jersey)

Wholesalers may not sell below cost.

1/1/2017Spirits YesPost and Hold30Yes304 Citations
NM (New Mexico)
1/1/2017Beer   Yes303 Citations
NM (New Mexico)
1/1/2017Wine   Yes303 Citations
NM (New Mexico)
1/1/2017Spirits   Yes303 Citations
NY (New York)
1/1/2017Beer   Yes258 Citations
NY (New York)

Payment is required within 25 days from certain retail beer and wine licensees (i.e., those who purchase beer and/or wine for resale for on and off premises consumption but not including licensees who sell liquor and/or wine for off premises consumption).

1/1/2017Wine  Post and hold30Yes308 Citations
NY (New York)
1/1/2017Spirits  Post and hold30Yes308 Citations
NC (North Carolina)
1/1/2017Beer Banned  No 3 Citations
NC (North Carolina)
1/1/2017Wine Banned  No 3 Citations
NC (North Carolina)
1/1/2017SpiritsYes   
ND (North Dakota)
1/1/2017Beer   No 6 Citations
ND (North Dakota)
1/1/2017Wine   Yes 306 Citations
ND (North Dakota)
1/1/2017Spirits   Yes306 Citations
OH (Ohio)
1/1/2017Beer Banned  No 5 Citations
OH (Ohio)

Wine wholesalers are to include a 33.3% minimum markup.

1/1/2017Wine BannedYesPost and Hold90No 5 Citations
OH (Ohio)
1/1/2017SpiritsYes   
OK (Oklahoma)
1/1/2017Beer Banned Post and Hold30No 10 Citations
OK (Oklahoma)
1/1/2017Wine Banned Post and Hold60No 10 Citations
OK (Oklahoma)
1/1/2017Spirits Banned Post and Hold60No 10 Citations
OR (Oregon)

Licensees must make beer price lists available for Commission inspection.

1/1/2017Beer Banned Post and Hold14No 7 Citations
OR (Oregon)
1/1/2017WineYes   
OR (Oregon)
1/1/2017SpiritsYes   
PA (Pennsylvania)

Although current law suggests that there is a 120-day hold on reducing prices posted by the wholesaler for distribution of beer, that rule is no longer legal nor being enforced as a result of an order on January 15, 1999, by Judge Richard Caputo of the United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania. The order granted a permanent injunction prohibiting the enforcement of several sections of the Liquor Code, including 47 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 4-447. As a result of that decision, the requirement that wholesale prices be reported and if reduced, remain at that level for at least 120 days, is no longer legal or enforced. Therefore, prices of malt beverages can be reduced and then raised at any time. See Legal Advisory No. 11. http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt?open=514&objID=611927&mode=2; Beer & Pop Warehouse v. Jones, 41 F.Supp.2d 552 (M.D. Pa., 1999).

1/1/2017Beer   No  6 Citations
PA (Pennsylvania)
1/1/2017WineYes   
PA (Pennsylvania)
1/1/2017SpiritsYes   
RI (Rhode Island)
1/1/2017Beer    
RI (Rhode Island)
1/1/2017Wine    
RI (Rhode Island)
1/1/2017Spirits    
SC (South Carolina)
1/1/2017Beer   No 6 Citations
SC (South Carolina)
1/1/2017Wine   No  6 Citations
SC (South Carolina)
1/1/2017Spirits   No 6 Citations
SD (South Dakota)

Wholesalers may not sell below cost.

1/1/2017Beer YesPost No 11 Citations
SD (South Dakota)

Wholesalers may not sell below cost.

South Dakota requires a 10 day minimum hold period only if price of wine is amended to match a competitor's post down.

1/1/2017Wine YesPost Yes 3011 Citations
SD (South Dakota)

Wholesalers may not sell below cost.

South Dakota requires a 10 day minimum hold period only if price of spirits is amended to match a competitor's post down.

1/1/2017Spirits YesPost Yes 3011 Citations
TN (Tennessee)
1/1/2017Beer Banned Post and Hold360No 5 Citations
TN (Tennessee)
1/1/2017Wine   Yes 105 Citations
TN (Tennessee)
1/1/2017Spirits   Yes 105 Citations
TX (Texas)
1/1/2017Beer   No 5 Citations
TX (Texas)
1/1/2017Wine   Yes 255 Citations
TX (Texas)
1/1/2017Spirits   Yes255 Citations
UT (Utah)
1/1/2017BeerYes   
UT (Utah)
1/1/2017WineYes   
UT (Utah)
1/1/2017SpiritsYes   
VT (Vermont)

Each licensee in a wholesale dealer's territory must receive at least one opportunity to buy beer at the changed price.

Codified regulations in Vermont are not available for dates prior to January 1, 2005.

1/1/2017Beer Banned Post and Hold14No 4 Citations
VT (Vermont)

Codified regulations in Vermont are not available for dates prior to January 1, 2005.

1/1/2017Wine   No 4 Citations
VT (Vermont)
1/1/2017SpiritsYes   
VA (Virginia)
1/1/2017Beer   No 5 Citations
VA (Virginia)
1/1/2017WineYes   
VA (Virginia)
1/1/2017SpiritsYes   
WA (Washington)

No sales below cost for Beer and Spirits.

APIS does not report wholesale pricing practices and restrictions in States where the index beverage is wholly or partially distributed through State-run wholesalers. Wholesale pricing practices and restrictions for Washington are reported beginning on December 8, 2011, when privatization began as a result of passage of Initiative 1183.

1/1/2017Beer BannedYesPost No 10 Citations
WA (Washington)

APIS does not report wholesale pricing practices and restrictions in States where the index beverage is wholly or partially distributed through State-run wholesalers. Wholesale pricing practices and restrictions for Washington are reported beginning on December 8, 2011, when privatization began as a result of passage of Initiative 1183.

1/1/2017Wine   No 10 Citations
WA (Washington)

No sales below cost for Beer and Spirits.

APIS does not report wholesale pricing practices and restrictions in States where the index beverage is wholly or partially distributed through State-run wholesalers. Wholesale pricing practices and restrictions for Washington are reported beginning on December 8, 2011, when privatization began as a result of passage of Initiative 1183.

1/1/2017Spirits Yes No 11 Citations
WV (West Virginia)
1/1/2017Wine   No 10 Citations
WV (West Virginia)
1/1/2017SpiritsYes   
WV (West Virginia)
1/1/2017Beer Banned Post and Hold90No  10 Citations
WI (Wisconsin)

Wholesalers are to include a 3 percent markup to cover a proportionate part of the cost of doing business, or a lesser amount with proof; wholesalers may not sell below cost.

1/1/2017Beer Yes Yes 155 Citations
WI (Wisconsin)

Wholesalers are to include a 3 percent markup to cover a proportionate part of the cost of doing business, or a lesser amount with proof; wholesalers may not sell below cost.

1/1/2017Wine Yes Yes 305 Citations
WI (Wisconsin)

Wholesalers are to include a 3 percent markup to cover a proportionate part of the cost of doing business, or a lesser amount with proof; wholesalers may not sell below cost.

1/1/2017Spirits Yes Yes 305 Citations
WY (Wyoming)
1/1/2017Beer   No 4 Citations
WY (Wyoming)
1/1/2017WineYes   
WY (Wyoming)
1/1/2017SpiritsYes   
US ( United States)

Also see the Federal Law page for this policy topic.

1/1/2017Beer   Yes302 Citations
US ( United States)

Also see the Federal Law page for this policy topic.

1/1/2017Wine   Yes302 Citations
US ( United States)

Also see the Federal Law page for this policy topic.

1/1/2017Spirits   Yes302 Citations